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2008

Community Based Pasture Management in Kyrgyzstan. A Pilot Project in Naryn Region.

Kyrgyzstan

Titre : Community Based Pasture Management in Kyrgyzstan. A Pilot Project in Naryn Region.

Pays : Kyrgyzstan

Localisation  : Naryn Region, Kyrgyzstan

Durée : 2008

Descriptif
Most of the land in the countries of Central Asia is devoted to pasture, making up an estimated 65% to 82% of the whole region. Today, these pasture areas are mainly used by smallholder farmers, since most of the larger, state-owned agricultural enterprises were abandoned after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The shift to small scale farming caused a decline in livestock numbers in almost all of the Central Asian states. At the same time, the pasture management systems also changed, in some cases with devastating consequences. Until the beginning of the 1990s, pasture management had been based on the high mobility of livestock herds, similar in some respects to the traditional nomadic system. The demise of the Soviet Union sharply reduced that mobility. Overgrazing, especially in areas close to villages, resulted in serious degradation, while more distant pastures remained unused. In addition, according to the forecast of global climate change it is expected that the number of dry years will increase which also affects the pasture productivity. In Kyrgyzstan, a new law on pasture management has been adopted by the government in 2009 and permits farmers to plan land use locally. With support from the regional program, the NGO “CAMP Alatoo” facilitated the establishment of local institutions for pasture management in a pilot region in Naryn district.

Objectif
The aim of the project is focused on rural development and sustainable use of pasture resources. Degradation and erosion on pastures will be determined by implementing a sustainable pasture management based on participation of the communities.

Résultats attendus
Reallocation of livestock between overstocked pastures and underused pasture units •Pasture Committees are able to implement the sustainable pasture management planning and to monitor the process by themselves •Pasture Committees manage to improve and maintain infrastructure

Organismes impliqués : •Centre for international migration and development (CIM) •GIZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH) •Kyrgyz NGO “CAMP Alatoo”

World Farmers Organisation

Page publiée le 7 juillet 2016, mise à jour le 17 juin 2019