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Sohag Rural Development Project (Egypt)


Titre : Sohag Rural Development Project (Egypt)

Pays : Egypte

Durée : 1998 - 2005

Institution initiatrice : International Development Association (IDA)

Emprunteur : Arab Republic of Egypt

Organisme d’exécution : Sohag Governorate, Principal Bank for Development and Agricultural Credit, Local Development Fund

Zone d’intervention
The Governorate of Sohag is located in middle Upper Egypt. Sohag is heavily populated, with about 3.2 million people (1995 estimates), mostly rural (77%), living in 51 LAUs and 10 towns. The population density of about 1 900 inhabitants per km2 is one of the highest in the world. Sohag has one of the highest out-migration rates in Egypt. The Governorate exhibits a high degree of social cohesion and solidarity as manifested by the high level of remittances from migrating family members that provide an important economic cushion to those who have remained ; and an active local NGO community providing social services and finance but which unfortunately lacks coordination and synchronization.
According to the 1994 Human Development Report for Egypt, Sohag is the least developed governorate in Egypt. A 1995 survey estimated that about 52% of the population of Sohag is poor and 36% ultra-poor. Thirty per cent of all villages in Sohag are without potable water, 30% have no health facilities, 90% have no sanitation and, in 50% of the villages, there is a total lack of recreation facilities for youth. The incidence of rural illiteracy is high, at 70.6% for males and 86% for females. Road connections between hamlets and main villages are poor, and bridges across irrigation canals and drains are often lacking.
The economy of Sohag is predominantly agricultural, but the cultivable area is limited to only 320 000 feddans for about 210 000 households. Under irrigation, the desert-like climate is ideally suited to a wide range of crops throughout the year. The irrigation network is outdated, with limited control structures and poor maintenance. At the farm level, water-use efficiency is low due to poor landlevelling and the farmers’ tendency to over-irrigate their plots. An estimated 170 000 feddans suffer from poor drainage

Groupes cibles : The entire rural population of Sohag will constitute the project target group. By improving the physical and social infrastructure, the project should improve the quality of life in Sohag. In addition, the very poor landless and small farmers and women will be especially targeted by the rural finance component, which will promote access to microcredit for income-generating activities such as food processing, dairying, silk production and weaving, and transport and delivery services. In addition, the project will benefit rural women by promoting their representation in the participatory village-level institutions.

The primary project development objective is to support the sustainable development of Sohag’s rural villages through the participatory approach initiated by SHROUK. The project aims to : (a) promote sustainable rural development in Sohag ; (b) improve incomes and quality of life in the rural communities ; and (c) promote equitable access to credit for the rural poor, unemployed youth and women. In addition, the project is expected to enhance the capacity of local communities and local government to programme, appraise, cofinance, implement and manage rural infrastructure subprojects.

Informations financières
Coût total du projet : US$ 93.8 million
Montant du prêt du FIDA : US$ 25.0 million
World Bank : International Development Association : US$ 25.0 million
Contribution de l’emprunteur : USD 23.6 million
Contribution des bénéficiaires : USD 17.1 million

Présentation : IFAD

President’s report

Page publiée le 16 juin 2016, mise à jour le 1er août 2022