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1999

BIHAR-MADHYA PRADESH TRIBAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (India)

Inde

Titre : BIHAR-MADHYA PRADESH TRIBAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (India)

Pays : Inde

Durée : 1999 - 2010

Institution initiatrice : International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
Emprunteur : Republic of India
Organisme d’exécution : State Governments of Bihar and Madhya Pradesh through respective Tribal Development Societies (TDSs)

Groupes cibles : The proposed programme will cover two of the three states with the highest proportion of tribal population of India : Madhya Pradesh (MP) and Bihar. It proposes to use the opportunity created by the recent constitutional amendment concerning the extension of the Panchayats Act to the Scheduled Areas and to assist state governments in establishing and empowering collaborative relationships with the scheduled tribe communities. The target groups will comprise all households in the selected villages, i.e., villages, hamlets and habitations with tribal groups, primitive tribal groups (PTGs) and scheduled caste population of not less than 50% of the total population in which the majority of the households live below the poverty line. The programme will benefit an estimated 370 000 beneficiaries of 74 000 households located in 1 370 natural villages. Of these, almost 6 000 families will come from the PTGs. The scheduled tribes (STs) have been specifically selected as the target group because they bear a disproportionate share of the poverty in India. While they account for only 8% of the total population, they comprise 40% of the displaced population. Literacy rates among the STs are less than half of the general population. For rural tribal women it is about one fourth.

Activités
The programme will develop and implement a replicable model that ensures household food security and improves livelihood opportunities and the overall quality of life of the tribal population, based on the sustainable and equitable use of natural resources. This will be achieved by empowering tribal grass-roots associations, increasing the productivity of land and water resources, and generating sources of income outside of agriculture, particularly for the landless. The proposed programme will have three main components. Under the beneficiary-empowerment and capacity-building component, the programme will finance a broadbased awareness-raising of tribal rights and of gender and equity issues, legal and managerial strengthening, and technical training. Similarly, under livelihood-systems enhancement, it will finance all production-related activities and enabling measures, namely land and water management and watershed development. Also included are community-based small infrastructures, productionsystem improvement, rural microfinance, and health and nutrition. Under the programme management component, the programme will finance the following : the relevant running costs for the tribal development societies (TDSs) ; a legal defence fund ; specialized and baseline studies ; training of staff and development of training material ; exposure visits ; study tours and technical assistance ; and the costs associated with the capacity-building of facilitating non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and their contractual support services.

Partenaires  : International Development Association (World Bank) ; Department for International Development (United Kingdom) ; World Food Programme (WFP)

Informations financières
Coût total du projet : US$ 41.7 million
Montant du prêt du FIDA : US$ 23.0 million
Department for International Development (United Kingdom) : USD 10.5 million
Contribution de l’emprunteur : USD 4.8 million
Contribution des bénéficiaires : USD 3.4 million

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Page publiée le 17 juin 2016, mise à jour le 1er août 2022