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1998

Agricultural Support Services Project (Kyrgyzstan)

Kyrgyzstan

Titre : Agricultural Support Services Project (Kyrgyzstan)

Pays : Kyrgyzstan

Durée : 1998 - 2007

Institution initiatrice : International Development Association (IDA)

Emprunteur : Kyrgyz Republic
Organisme d’exécution : Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources (MAWR)

Zone d’intervention : The project will be implemented in all six oblasts of the country, since the need to revitalize agriculture, support agrarian reforms and provide essential agricultural advice, credit and other services to farmers exist throughout Kyrgyzstan. Agro-ecological conditions vary between and within oblasts due to local variations in altitude, topography, rainfall, etc. Population densities also vary. Chui and Talas are the major graingrowing regions, with extensive irrigation. The southern oblasts, Osh and Dzalalabad, with their lower altitude, warmer climate and dense population, are suited to cotton and tobacco as important cash crops. In Naryn, with its sparse population and extensive highland pastures, sheep husbandry is the most important occupation. Issyk- Kul, with its favourable climate and landscape, offers potential for crops as well as animal husbandry.

Groupes cibles
The project is targeted to the newly-created farm holdings, in which most of the rural poor are to be found. These farms receive hardly any agricultural support services at present and the project will provide advisory services to them. The strategy will be to reactivate the farming sector as a whole, the collapse of which is one of the major causes of the present high level of poverty in the rural sector. However, a narrower targeting focus, on the poor and disadvantaged among the rural households will be achieved specifically through : (a) loans to small farmers through the project’s Farm Development Fund (credit component) will be given collateral-free, through joint-liability groups, and with a loan ceiling, which will make the credit component self-targeting and of little interest to richer households ; (b) the project will grant “vouchers” to poor households, which they will be able to use as payment for advisory services ; (c) small-scale agricultural machinery will be promoted, such as two-wheeled tractors, that only the smaller farmers are likely to find of interest ; (d) adaptive research will be poor-farmer oriented, with field trials and demonstration plots restricted in size to 1/4 ha and 1/8 ha respectively, which again will be of little interest to larger farmers looking for free inputs ; (e) to overcome the problem of farms which are too small, these farmers will be assisted to form themselves into groups ; and (f) women extension advisors, who will be appointed in all rural advisory development centres (RADCs), will cover the needs and issues related to women

Objectifs
The objective of the project is to improve the productivity, profitability, incentives framework and sustainability of Kyrgyz agriculture by : accelerating the process of agrarian reform and farm restructuring ; providing the emerging private farms with advisory (i.e., extension) services, backed by participatory, farmer-led adaptive research ; assisting farmers to avail themselves of rural credit recently initiated by other projects, as well as itself providing a line of credit to the poorest farmers with little or no access to credit at present ; improving the availability of quality seed by helping to develop the cereal and fodder seed industry ; establishing a legal framework, organization and procedures for crop protection and plant quarantine ; establishing an agriculture market information system ; and strengthening national agricultural management capacity. The goal is to reactivate agricultural production and thereby raise rural household incomes and alleviate poverty, since an overall disruption in the country’s agriculture has been a principal cause of widespread poverty.

Informations financières
Coût total du projet : US$ 27.5 million
Montant du prêt du FIDA : US$ 7.9 million
Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit : US$ 0.4 million
World Bank : International Development Association : US$ 14.2 million
Know-How Fund : US$ 0.8 million
Swisss Development Corporation : US$ 0.9 million
Contribution de l’emprunteur : USD 2.01 millio
Contribution des bénéficiaires : USD 1.25 million

IFAD

Page publiée le 28 mai 2016, mise à jour le 1er août 2022