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1994

Tafilalet and Dadès Rural Development Project (Morocco)

Maroc

Titre : Tafilalet and Dadès Rural Development Project (Morocco)

Pays : Maroc

Durée : 1994 - 2003

Institution initiatrice : International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

Présentation
The Tafilalet and Dades Rural Development Project (PDRT) is aligned with the new policy introduced by the Moroccan Government following the structural adjustment programme of 1984, and with IFAD’s strategy for Morocco, both of which set a number of priorities. The PDRT was formulated in this context of a shared vision of priorities for agricultural and rural development in May and June 1993, and a preliminary evaluation took place in December 1993. From the outset, the project programme included several complementary components intended to : i) improve agricultural production by means of small and medium-sized waterworks in valleys and oases ; ii) improve livestock systems, both intensive (in irrigated zones) and extensive (in pastoral zones) ; iii) protect natural resources and check degradation ; iv) reinforce basic infrastructure and social facilities in rural areas ; and v) develop institutions and local organizations.

Covering the contiguous Tafilalet and Dadès regions, the project area is located in southeast Morocco along the southern slopes of the Atlas Mountains and is part of the pre-Saharan region. The project area measures 90 300 km2 (12.7% of the national territory), of which 80 500 km2 is in Tafilalet and 9 800 km2 is in Dadès. In the Tafilalet ORMVA region the PDRT covers the Province of Errachidia and the Bni Tadjit Cercle (an administrative division within the Province of Figuig) and, in the Ouarzazate ORMVA region, the Dadès Valley to the northeast of the Province of Ouarzazate, which is part of the Upper Draa watershed. The climate is continental and arid. Precipitation ranges from 70 mm in the extreme south, at Erfoud, to 290 mm in the extreme north, at Imichil. These climatic conditions preclude the practice of rainfed agriculture and necessitate the use of irrigation.

The rural population in the project area was estimated at 732 000 in 1993, or some 92 420 families. At the time of project formulation, more than half of the farmer and herder families in the project area were estimated to be living below the poverty line (according to World Bank studies), then set at USD 225. The project was to benefit : i) 42 500 small farmers in poor areas in the irrigated sector, with high population density (through improved water and land management) ; ii) 30 000 inhabitants of isolated mountainous areas (through road works) ; iii) 14 000 inhabitants of disadvantaged villages (through improved access to drinking water) ; iv) 7 720 small herders and 120 D’man sheep herders and breeders ; v) 1 260 women farmers and 9 600 women and young people (by means of raising of goats and sheep, including D’man sheep, and literacy and other training through the development of outreach centres).

Partenaires  : Ouarzazate Regional Agricultural Development Office ; Tafilalet Regional Agricultural Development Office

Informations financières
Coût total du projet : US$ 52.5 million
Montant du financement du FIDA : US$ 22.2 million
Islamic Development Bank : US$ 7.0 million
OPEC Fund for International Development : US$ 5.6 million

Annonce : IFAD

Page publiée le 27 mai 2016, mise à jour le 1er août 2022