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1984

North-West Region Agricultural Development Project – Phase II (Somalia)

Somalie

Titre : North-West Region Agricultural Development Project – Phase II (Somalia)

Pays : Somalie

Durée : 1984 - 1989

Institution initiatrice : International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

Emprunteur : The Somali Democratic Republic

Organisme d’exécution : Ministry of Agriculture

Présentation
The north-west region is the second most important part of the country in terms of population density and agricultural activity. It is also one of the least developed areas, facing a chronic food deficit and rapid population growth. The climate is semi-arid and crop yields are low. The average farm size is less than five ha, and farmers use traditional techniques that are antiquated and ineffective. Most of the land is used to support livestock, including cattle, sheep, goats, camels and donkeys. Roads are in poor condition, and infrastructure and services are lacking.

The project’s objective was to improve the productivity and incomes of small-scale subsistence farmers in a region where rainfall is very irregular and agricultural work must carefully conserve soil moisture and prevent erosion. This objective reflected the agricultural policy of the former government, which had the aim of developing under-utilized resources, creating employment opportunities and increasing self-sufficiency in food production. Specific project activities included : •increasing grain production (sorghum and maize) •conserving soil and water to prevent erosion and make good use of rainwater •improving research, extension services and the supply of farm inputs and equipment •providing training for farmers •strengthening the capacity of local institutions to implement projects and improve services to farmers

The project successfully introduced farmers to water conservation practices and improved crop productivity. Increases in crop residues were used as feed for livestock and improved grazing conditions.

Partenaire (s)  : European Union ; Ministry of Agriculture ; World Bank – International Development Association

Informations financières
Coût total du projet : US$ 25.6 million
Montant du financement FIDA : US$ 3.6 million
European Union : US$ 5.4 million
World Bank : International Development Association : US$ 10.6 million
Contribution de l’emprunteur : US$ 2.6 million

IFAD

President’s report

Page publiée le 3 juillet 2016, mise à jour le 1er août 2022