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1999

North Kordofan Rural Development Project (Sudan)

Soudan

Titre : North Kordofan Rural Development Project (Sudan)

Pays : Soudan

Durée : 1999 - 2007

Institution initiatrice : International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

Emprunteur : The Republic of The Sudan
Organisme d’exécution : North Kordofan State Government

Zone d’intervention et Groupes cibles
The project area extends over some 40 000 km2, situated on a flat or undulating sandy plain at 400-540 m, punctuated by rocky hills or mountains (jebels) and extensive sand dunes. It covers two of the four provinces of North Kordofan state : Um Ruwaba which has two town councils and five (rural) local councils ; and Bara, with one town council and seven local councils. Soil in the area is of three main types : (a) qoz, or sandy soils of very limited fertility which cover the majority of the area ; (b) gardoud or clay loams ; and (c) vertisols or clays which characterize the productive southern part of the area. Land degradation occurs where range and agricultural land has been denuded, around waterholes and camps. Vegetation is predominantly dry acacia savannah.
The project area is characterized by high temperatures and strong dry winds. Rainfall is low and erratic, from an average of about 400 mm per annum in the south to 200 mm in the north. Drought is frequent, averaging between one to three years out of ten, depending on the locality. There are no permanent, natural surface water resources in the area, and only a few ephemeral streams. Groundwater resources are significant : a shallow aquifer complex of good quality lies under most of the area and is already being used for limited irrigation. Most of the project area lies in the gum arabic belt of Kordofan, which is the world’s major source of gum arabic production.
The population of the project area is estimated at 820 000 in about 139 000 households, two thirds of which are in Um Ruwaba and one third in Bara. There are about 1 250 hamlets or villages, which range in size from less than 100 to over 500 households and are grouped in about 500 village councils. Approximately 91% of the population, belonging to some 118 000 households of an average size of six persons, is rural. To determine the primary target group, the project management will establish priorities amongst the villages on the basis of need, interest and the predicted rate of coverage by project activities. Some 320 villages will eventually participate in a major way ; approximately half of these will be in the drier northern zone. With an average size of 220 households in the main villages, the primary target group will consist of 70 400 families, or about 422 000 people. Of this total, some 25% — or 17 600 households — are expected to take up a more or less complete package of project technical interventions and reap project benefits in full.
Women already participate fully in a wide range of farming and other income-earning activities. They are usually involved in gum arabic harvesting, crop cultivation and livestock raising. They practise handicrafts in the home and are engaged in the marketing of the items they produce. Women cultivate jubraka (house gardens) for food crops that are usually quick-maturing and available for family consumption earlier than the main crops of the family landholding. For these reasons, activities and interventions for the benefit of women need to be built into the main project components, with positive action to ensure a proportionate level of involvement, at the discretion of project management.

Objectifs
The overall goal of the project is to improve the standard of living of the target communities, and in particular to assure their food security and enhance the resilience of their way of life to drought and natural disaster. The specific objectives are to : (a) increase the capacity of village communities for planning, executing and managing development schemes through training and on-the-job experience, and through the provision of the technical or professional assistance initially required ; (b) establish, at local council and provincial levels, support systems to assist communities in the development process with the emphasis on economy and cost-effectiveness ; (c) foster communal natural resource management to support increased and sustainable utilization through changes in policy and group agreements implemented at the local council and village levels ; and (d) evolve sustainable participatory informal financial institutions for savings mobilization, credit supply and financial advice, tied to the formal banking sector.
To a great extent, the project will rely on local authorities and agencies, whose institutional capacity will be built up without the usual heavy accumulation of permanent staff and costs. Strong emphasis will be given to beneficiary participation. Project management will adopt a reactive and responsive stance to ideas and requests for assistance from village and rural councils. Initially, preference will be given to the worst-off communities which lack basic facilities and services, and where the target group predominates, but thereafter the main determinants of assistance will be the propensity to cooperate and the level of self-reliance of the communities themselves. Due to the pace of the process of implementation, animation and mobilization, actual investment will rise slowly in the initial years.

Informations financières
Coût total du projet : US$ 23.7 million
Montant du financement FIDA : US$ 10.5 million
Islamic Development Bank : US$ 9.1 million
Contribution de l’emprunteur : USD 2.9 million
Contribution des bénéficiaires : USD 1.2 million

IFAD

Page publiée le 29 juin 2016, mise à jour le 1er août 2022