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1998

Badia Rangelands Development Project (Syria)

Syrie

Titre : Badia Rangelands Development Project (Syria)

Pays : Syrie

Durée : 1998 - 2010

Institution initiatrice : International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
Emprunteur : Syrian Arab Republic
Organisme d’exécution : Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform (MAAR)

Zone d’intervention et Groupes cibles
The proposed project area covers around 3.0 million ha (or 29% of the total Badia surface) spread over eight provinces The largest section, covering about 2.5 million ha, corresponds to the core project area (provinces of Hama, Homs, Aleppo, Raqqa and Dir Ezzor). The second, covering 400 000 ha (Hassake) and the third 60 000 ha (Daraa and Sweida), can be considered as large-scale pilot areas to test and guide further development programmes for later extension under similar conditions.
The project area includes about 16 800 families or about 170 000 people who are expected to benefit directly from the project and a further 10 200 households to obtain indirect benefits. Average family size is about 10 members, considered normal in Badia communities where families tend to be large. Children comprise 58% of project area population. The majority of inhabitants are illiterate, only 22% having primary level education and of which 6% have attended secondary school.
The permanent Badia settlements, where perhaps half of the population is found much of the time are characterized by low levels of social services and facilities - particularly drinking water. Animal production is the major source of income, while about 11% comes from off-farm work and remittances from immigrants. About 80% of all flocks are between 50 and 100 ovine units. One third of households may be below the poverty threshold.
As a result of the cultivation ban, herders in the Badia are now facing an additional crisis. A number of small and medium stock owners, in particular, have been forced to sell some of their productive ewes and the deterioration of their economic situation may lead them to a state of poverty that makes it difficult to rebuild their flocks.
The Bedouin woman plays a fundamental role in managing domestic affairs and contributes fully in many animal production activities. A recent survey showed that 78% of housewives take part in sheep-rearing activities while 15% do domestic work only. Women and girls are typically responsible for firewood/fuel and water-fetching if these occur within a reasonable distance from the home. Milk processing is also considered women’s work, which further increases the workload of women during spring

Objectifs
The project will re-establish the productive capacity of Syria’s Badia resources over 3.0 million ha in eight provinces. The project will establish and implement a replicable participatory methodology for sustainable natural resources conservation and management. The project will be the first large-scale integrated operation aimed at preserving the environment and improving the well-being of the Bedouin community
The project, to be implemented over eight years, will consist of five components : (a) rangeland development, through rehabilitation of native plant cover and introduction of community-based management technologies ; (b) livestock development through breeding, management, health and product processing ;. (c) rural infrastructure - water supplies and rural access roads ; (d) community development including the establishment of institutional arrangements capable of implementing a fully participatory approach including programmes specifically designed to improve educational levels (literacy) and the socio-economic status of women ; and (e) project management.

Partenaire (s)  : Government of Syria ; Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development-

Informations financières
Coût total du projet : US$ 104.9 million
Montant du financement FIDA : US$ 16.6 million
Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development : US$ 65.0 million
Contribution de l’emprunteur : USD 16.7 million
Contribution des bénéficiaires : USD 1.3 million

IFAD

Page publiée le 15 juin 2016, mise à jour le 1er août 2022