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Participatory Irrigation Development Programme (Tanzania)


Titre : Participatory Irrigation Development Programme (Tanzania)

Pays : Tanzanie

Durée : 1999 - 2006

Institution initiatrice : International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
Emprunteur : United Republic of Tanzania
Organisme d’exécution : Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives

Who are the beneficiaries ? The target group consists of smallholder farm families who are reliant upon paddy and vegetables as their major source of income. They have an average farm size of 3.0 ha per household, about half of which is cultivated, and they have very little assets, including livestock. Within the target group, the programme will target resource-poor farmers, women and women-headed households who periodically face food insecurity, through specific interventions that address their agricultural, marketing, labour-saving and produce-storage needs.

Why are they poor ? Although the causal factors relating to poverty in marginal areas are numerous (economic, social and political), they are chiefly attributable to : (i) lack of supplementary irrigation facilities for production of both food and vegetable crops, the latter being the major source of cash income for women ; (ii) the inadequate supply of improved production inputs, such as seeds and fertilizer ; (iii) lack of representation of the poor in the decision-making processes in agriculture and financial organizations in rural areas ; and (iv) their limited access to various social services, such as safe drinking water, health clinics and education. The programme will empower them, both economically and politically, help them grasp economic opportunities and improve their livelihood.

What will the proposed programme do for them ? The programme will increase incomes for the targeted smallholder farmers through augmented production from : (i) expanding irrigated paddy areas (including a minimum of 25% from women farmers) and upgrading existing schemes constructed under the Smallholder Development Project for Marginal Areas (SDPMA) ; (ii) increasing dry-season vegetable production ; (iii) improving paddy yields from the judicious and economic use of inputs and improved crop husbandry practices ; (iv) introducing labour-saving technologies and improved produce storage methods ; and (v) launching group-based savings mobilization and credit mechanisms. In the irrigation-scheme villages, the improvement in village water supply will benefit women by reducing the amount of time they spend fetching water every day for domestic purposes. The construction of village latrines will generate environmental and health benefits. The programme will increase agricultural production over an area of about 11 780 ha. The programme will directly benefit a total of 15 700 people.

How will the beneficiaries participate in the programme ? Securing beneficiary participation and involving grass-roots organizations in demand-led development initiatives is an integral part of IFAD’s strategic framework, as is strengthening local capacity and ensuring women’s participation in the programme through a balanced gender focus. The following institutional modalities and mechanisms will ensure the participation of the beneficiaries : (i) establishment of water users’ associations (WUAs) that are active in all decision-making processes, from scheme design to preparation and implementation ; (ii) their agreement to assume financial responsibilities, including contributing to part of the capital and full costs of irrigation facilities ; (iii) the representation of beneficiaries in all committees to be constituted at the zonal, district and regional levels, so that their voices and concerns are heard and considered ; and (iv) the enhancement of women’s participation in WUAs and savings and credit associations (SACCOs) through targeted training, women’s group formation and land allocation.

Partenaire (s)  : United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) ; Development Cooperation Ireland (DCI) ; World Food Programme (WFP)

Informations financières
Coût total du projet : US$ 25.3 million
Montant du financement IFAD : US$ 17.1 million
Ireland : US$ 0.8 million
World Food Programme : US$ 3.6 million
Contribution de l’emprunteur : USD 3.12 million
Contribution des bénéficiaires : USD 0.68 million

Présentation : IFAD

Page publiée le 16 juin 2016, mise à jour le 1er août 2022