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Smallholders Irrigation Support Programme (Zimbabwe)


Titre : Smallholders Irrigation Support Programme (Zimbabwe)

Pays : Zimbabwe

Durée : 1998 - 2004

Institution initiatrice : International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
Emprunteur : Republic of Zimbabwe
Organisme d’exécution : Ministry of Lands and Agriculture


Who are the beneficiaries ?
The IFAD-initiated Smallholder Irrigation Support Programme (SISP) is expected to upgrade existing smallholder irrigation schemes and support the development of new schemes. For all such schemes, existing or new, three types of beneficiaries can be identified : (i) households that hold or work plots - 10 000 households on existing schemes and 2 400 on new schemes ; (ii) those depending on the schemes, including labourers, both permanent and seasonal, and traders of produce - about 24 000 persons on existing schemes and 6 600 on new ones ; and (iii) less direct beneficiaries households (numbers not known at this stage) that will gain from programme support to improve the management of the catchment areas upstream of the schemes in order to minimize erosion and siltation of the dams. About three quarters of the programme beneficiaries will be women.

_ Why are they poor ? _As a general rule, households on irrigation schemes should be among the better-off within their communities. However, since a large number of schemes face technical, social, organizational, and financial and economic constraints, many irrigating farmers, particularly those who have given up their non-irrigated land in order to join the schemes, are actually worse off than the dryland farmers. The most serious and common problem encountered is unreliable water supply, which not only poses a serious threat to household food security but also has an adverse effect on the farmers’ ability to secure marketing contracts for their produce and thus adopt a more commercialized production regime. Individuals working as labourers on the schemes, or trading in produce from them, are drawn from the poorest sections of the communities : most are landless or have holdings that are too small to ensure their household food security ; and many of the households are headed by widowed or divorced women. _What will the programme do for them ? _The programme aims to ensure that farmers are able to manage, operate and maintain the irrigation schemes in a fully operational and productive manner. This will be achieved by assisting them to : upgrade or develop the schemes ; assume responsibility for the management, and operation and maintenance (O&M), of the schemes ; substantially increase their agricultural productivity ; and develop improved linkages with input suppliers and produce markets. Through this support, the farmers are expected to improve their ability to manage effectively their economic environment and thereby substantially increase family incomes and returns to labour.

_How will the beneficiaries participate in the programme ? _Full beneficiary participation is a prerequisite for programme success. Specific irrigation schemes will be upgraded or developed only in the event of full commitment to the schemes on the part of the irrigating farmers. This will include demonstrating their willingness to contribute substantially to the capital works in cash and kind, provide proof of having formed viable, representative organizations, and undertaking to assume responsibility for scheme management. In order to develop that commitment and, once established, build upon it, the programme will follow a well-defined, step-by-step participatory process for upgrading or development, both of which will include management transfer and improvement of agricultural practices, of which training and capacity-building for irrigating farmers and their irrigation management committees (IMCs) will be important elements

Informations financières
Coût total du projet : US$ 19.3 million
Montant du financement FIDA : US$ 12.1 million
Denmark : US$ 0.4 million
Contribution de l’emprunteur : USD 0.17 million
Contribution des bénéficiaires : USD 1.60 million

Présentation : IFAD

Page publiée le 8 juin 2016, mise à jour le 1er août 2022