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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (2015)

Institutions of collective action for common pool resources management : conditions for sustainable water consumers associations in Semi-Arid Uzbekistan

Hamidov, Ahmad

Titre : Institutions of collective action for common pool resources management : conditions for sustainable water consumers associations in Semi-Arid Uzbekistan

Auteur : Hamidov, Ahmad

Université de soutenance : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Grade : Doctor 2015

Résumé
Irrigation has played an important role in the development of Uzbekistan’s economy. The sector collapsed with the fall of the Soviet Union, due to worsening of infrastructure conditions causing tensions among resource users. As a result, it has undergone several reforms through exogenously imposed institutional change in the form of top-down implementation of the local Water Consumers Associations (WCAs). However, this institutional design has not produced the expected results of successful cooperation in common pool resources (CPR) management, and most associations have been undergoing a difficult transformation. The aim of this research is to study the key problems that Uzbek WCAs experience with regard to CPR management, and irrigation infrastructure in particular. Specifically, this research focuses on existing challenges related to the maintenance of irrigation canals in the WCA territories and the role of institutions in overcoming the collective action dilemma. The empirical field research took place in the Bukhara region of Uzbekistan and the interviews were held with governmental officials, donor agencies, and local consulting firms working in the irrigation sector. Moreover, WCA employees and actual resource users (farmers) were also interviewed. Five main determinants were found to explain the lack of cooperation in the maintenance of irrigation canals : 1) poor skills of a chairman ; 2) the domination of institutionalized Soviet patterns of behavior ; 3) incongruity between formal rules and informal practices ; 4) absence of appropriate water allocation mechanisms ; and 5) ineffective participatory governance. The results also illustrate the role of path dependence and the traditional co-production of irrigation management.

Annonce (DART)

Présentation (Research Gate)

Page publiée le 23 août 2016, mise à jour le 4 novembre 2018