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2011

Highlands and drylands : Mountains, a source of resilience in arid regions

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Titre : Highlands and drylands : Mountains, a source of resilience in arid regions

Auteur (s) : Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Publisher  : Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Date de parution : 2011
Pages : 115

Présentation

Dryland mountains are of great strategic value to regional and global development. They provide up to 90% of the freshwater supply to surrounding dry lowlands. More than a quarter of the world’s biodiversity hotspots and six out of eight Vavilov Centres of Diversity are found in dryland mountains. Yet these mountain regions are under increasing threat from climate change and unsustainable forms of land use, including mining and tourism. The UN Convention to Combat Desertification and the Mountain Partnership both provide important frameworks to mobilize governments, international agencies, NGOs and other stakeholders for greater attention and support. This publication presents the socio-economy and environment of dryland mountains, the current threats they face, and good practices in sustainable development. It concludes with key messages for policy- and decision-makers.

This publication has three main objectives : (i) to provide an overall vision of the ecological, social and cultural features of dryland mountain socio-ecosystems, highlighting those processes and elements which have determined their resilience to past and present disturbances, describing current and future impacts, and offering a perspective on conservation and sustainable development based on successful examples from all regions of the world ; (ii) to demonstrate the importance of investing human and financial resources in dryland mountains in the framework of the global effort to limit the impact of global change on the livelihoods of human societies and on the natural and cultural wealth of our planet ; and (iii) to raise the awareness of development experts, donors and policy and decision makers about the relevance, extent, main challenges, solutions and good practices developed to address desertification and development issues in dryland mountain ecosystems worldwide.

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