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2011

Regional Review on Status and Trends in Aquaculture Development in the Near East and North Africa - 2010

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Titre : Regional Review on Status and Trends in Aquaculture Development in the Near East and North Africa - 2010

Auteur (s) : Issam Krouma
Publisher  : Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Date de parution : 2011
Pages : 107

Présentation
Fish farming in the Near East and North Africa Region has been practised for centuries ; however, modern aquaculture began in the late 1920s and has expanded considerably over the last three decades. Despite the modest production output from the region, aquaculture increased sixfold in the last decade from 135 000 tonnes in 1997 to just under 850 000 tonnes a decade later. The main driving forces for such expansion certainly include an increased public health awareness and interest in fish products and the enactment of enabling policies supported by research, technology transfer and sector developmental incentives. The region comprises 18 countries and covers an area of about 11.3 million km2 with an estimated population of 355 million. Topographically, the region is characterized by vast arid areas that occupy over 75 percent of the total land mass, while arable and permanent croplands makes up less than 6 percent. None of the countries are landlocked, and the combined coastline stretches for 20 100 km. Freshwater is a scarce and valuable resource throughout the region. Five countries in the region contributed 99 percent of the total regional production in 2007 which was dominated by finfish. Promotion of an economically sustainable aquaculture industry in the region has been challenging, particularly with regard to freshwater fish farming. Yet, the region has a great potential to expand its industry through the employment of suitable and environmentally friendly technologies. Furthermore, mariculture in the region is still at an early stage, even though in recent years a growing number of commercial shrimp farms and fish-farming operations using floating and submerged cages have been established and are encouraging new investments

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