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Wageningen University (2015)

Rural livelihood strategies in the southern highlands of Tanzania : an examination of household well-being in the light of economic reforms

Appels Jasmijn

Titre : Rural livelihood strategies in the southern highlands of Tanzania : an examination of household well-being in the light of economic reforms

Auteur : Appels Jasmijn

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2015

Résumé
Tanzania has changed from a socialist system to a capitalist system since the 1980’s. Market liberalization has been the key element in the macroeconomic reforms that have taken place, and reforming the agricultural sector is seen as a priority. This research analyses the degree to which the current Tanzanian agricultural sector has modernized and commercialized after the implementation of several economic and agricultural reforms. The analysis is on the micro-level of rural households. The study uses the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework to assess the livelihood strategies that rural households in the Southern Highlands are engaged in. The study looks at the determinants of each livelihood strategy in order to define group characteristics and to discover the differences in levels of well-being per strategy. The results of the analysis show that commercialized rural livelihood strategies attain higher levels of well-being than the less commercialized rural livelihood strategies. However, there is no profound evidence that the economic reforms have changed the agricultural sector into a highly efficient and productive sector that is focused on market-oriented crops.

Mots clés  : economic reforms, livelihood strategies, well-being, Southern Highlands Tanzania.

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Page publiée le 13 septembre 2016, mise à jour le 12 octobre 2018