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Wageningen University (2015)

Challenges in water management in the Lake Naivasha Basin : analysis on the effects and performance of IWRAP for different irrigation water user groups in the Lake Naivasha Basin, Kenya

Verstoep, Joe

Titre : Challenges in water management in the Lake Naivasha Basin : analysis on the effects and performance of IWRAP for different irrigation water user groups in the Lake Naivasha Basin, Kenya

Auteur : Verstoep, Joe

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2015

Résumé
The main question in this thesis research is : “What are the effects of implementing the IWRAP programme for the irrigation sector in the Lake Naivasha Basin, with a particular focus on the interests for different irrigation water user groups ?” To answer this question the concept of the Echelons of Right Analysis is used. This concept is suitable because it classifies resources, rules, authority and discourses in areas of water conflict or scarcity. The discourse analysis is supported by several other concepts including those by Foucault (1977) and PahlWostl (2005). The data is acquired through 3 months of fieldwork in the Lake Naivasha Basin, making use of observations, structured and semi-structured interviews. The results show that the IWRAP project encounters difficulties in implementing their integrated project. Due to corruption, volatile environmental conditions, a gap between politics and policies and the skewed power relations it is hard to become successful. The beneficiaries are mainly the IWRAP partners themselves. The lack of accurate data and knowledge is one of the biggest problems in the LNB. This knowledge gap is caused by volatile environmental conditions and the weak position of the Water Resource Management Authority (WRMANaivasha). WRMA-Naivasha is not able to generate accurate data on water quality and quantity to ensure a proper water management. Due to this knowledge gap, especially on the hydrological subsystem, proper policies are hard to be implemented and legal authorities face problems with enforcement. Therefore one of the conclusions is that IWRAP can be a targetwise success, but an impact-wise failure. Also the debate about water availability is an interesting result. There are different opinions about water scarcity and this hinders an integrated approach as well. NGOs and several local organisations try to convince that there is an increasing water scarcity, while the farmers in the LNB and WRMA-Naivasha claim that there is enough water for the existing practices
This thesis explores how the success of an integrated project is hampered by lack of accurate data and knowledge, transparency, communication and involvement of all stakeholders. Besides that the aspects of corruption, volatile environmental conditions, bureaucratic issues and cultural habits needs consideration to achieve a successful implementation.

Mots clés  : Lake Naivasha Basin (LNB), Echelons of Rights Analysis (ERA), water scarcity, water management, water rights, IWRAP, discourses, volatile conditions

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