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Use of brackish groundwater in agriculture and aquaculture (Egypt)


Titre : Use of brackish groundwater in agriculture and aquaculture (Egypt)

Pays /Région : Egypte

Début du projet : Jan 1, 2013

Fin du projet : Dec 31, 2015

Fish farming has shown tremendous growth during the last two decades in Egypt and has turned the country into a world-player in this field. Fresh water use for fish production is not allowed in Egypt (except government-owned hatcheries) and farmers use drainage water or ground water for this. Increasingly also brackish water is used for agriculture and for fish production. Large pockets of (brackish) groundwater are available in the Oases in the Western Desert between the Nile and Libya. Oases are vulnerable and precious ecosystems and also represent an important cultural heritage, which has a large potential value in tourism. Uncontrolled farming and fish growing without restrictions on the drainage water discharge is therefore not desirable.

The experience of Egypt (producing brackish water fish species) and of the Netherlands (developing agricultural adaptation measures) makes the combination of fish farming with agriculture using brackish water in an Integrated Agri – Aquacultural (IAA) approach a high potential for future economic cooperation activity between both countries. This integrated approach allows the reuse of water and nutrients to save on pumping costs and fertiliser input and to protect the environment (groundwater) against pollution. The Netherlands are quite advanced in knowledge and technology whereas Egypt has a strong private sector and a large potential of brackish, unpolluted groundwater.

Client (s) : Ministry of Economic Affairs

Partenaires : Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innovation , IMARES Wageningen UR , Alterra Wageningen UR , Plant Research International (PRI) _ Other parties involved : DLG

Présentation : Wageningen UR

Page publiée le 20 juillet 2016, mise à jour le 14 mai 2018