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University of Khartoum (2004)

The Socio-Economic Impact Of Water Shortages On Rural Development Process In West Kordofan State A Case Study Of En Nahud Governeate

Ahmed, Abdel Aziz Abaker

Titre : The Socio-Economic Impact Of Water Shortages On Rural Development Process In West Kordofan State A Case Study Of En Nahud Governeate

Auteur : Ahmed, Abdel Aziz Abaker

Université de soutenance : University of Khartoum

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2004

Résumé
En-Nahud area in the Western Kordofan State in Sudan suffers from shortage in postal water throughout the year. In summer, villagers suffer from getting water and in autumn it requires many preparations for successful farming. This study has been conducted to assess the economical and social sides resulting from the water shortage on the community. The study aims at evaluating this problem and finding out suggestions which could alleviate it. The research sample has been chosen from 22 villages in En-Nahud governerate and the multi-stage cluster samples were used. 88 informants were involved to obtain the primary data, where as the secondary data were obtained from the governerate Headquarters, the National Water Corporation, and other relevant sources. Many statistical analyses have been used to reveal and interpret the data, among which is one the frequency tables, percentages and Chi-square test. The research has confirmed that there is a pressing need for water, and that its shortage and difficulty to find it has affected on education, health and livestock breeding. In addition, migration to cities is mainly caused by water shortage in summer and for its high prices. The Chi-square test has shown that there is a negatively significant difference between water shortage, providing social services, reducing the ceremonies and the social relationships. The test has also revealed strong relationship between water abundance and the other life services, which have negatively been affected due to water shortage. The study has also found out that the average water cost constitute 50% out of the citizens’ income. Moreover, there is no co-ordination between the interested government organs and lack of the role of NGOs. Accordingly, the researcher has recommended the following : The state government should obtain the relevant fund to support water projects, its fair distribution, and directing the NGOs to bring water inputs in their developmental programmes. Carrying out periodical maintenance for the running water stations, providing spare parts for the forthcoming stations, training and rehabilitating the technicians. Carrying out applied researches across villages to discover the suitable technologies. The National Water Corporation had to frequently review water tariffs lest water traders would exploit the poor villagers

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