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Preserving Biodiversity in Afghanistan


Titre : Preserving Biodiversity in Afghanistan

Pays : Afghanistan

Durée : January 2014 — December 2018

Domaine d’intervention : Environment

Mise en œuvre : Wildlife Conservation Society

Partenaires : National Environmental Protection Agency and Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock.

As the forests disappear, so do other plants and animals, including many endangered species. This loss affects food security, resilience to natural disasters, energy security and access to clean water and raw materials. It is particularly devastating for the 85 percent of Afghans who live in rural areas and rely on natural resources to make a living.
The Afghan government has an ambitious plan to increase the proportion of forest from 2 percent to 10 percent by 2017. However, institutions lack the resources, outreach and staff capacity to enforce anti-logging legislation in most parts of the country. Illegal logging, combined with limited understanding of the value of biodiversity, remains the most immediate threat to forests and the livelihoods of those who depend on them.
The government has recognised four natural sites as areas requiring special protection – Band-e-Amir National Park, Big Pamir Wildlife Reserve, Teggermansu Wildlife Reserve and the Wakhan Conservation Area. But protected areas will have no real impact on biodiversity unless their size is increased and measures are put in place to ensure sustainability.

UNDP helps manage and expand protected areas in Afghanistan.
We are supporting the establishment of Afghanistan’s Parks and Wildlife Authority. The new institution will create a legal, policy and institutional framework for protected area management.
It will be granted clearly defined legal powers, such as recruiting personnel, creating budgets, securing funds, and providing a quick response to local conditions, including entering into contracts with communities and private sector partners for park development.
We work with government other stakeholders to develop and test regulations protecting forests, and provide economic incentives to preserve soil fertility, watershed stability and forage productivity for local communities. Over the next two years we will scale up these approaches to expand benefits to communities who live outside of protected areas.
We bring communities together to have their say on how natural resources are managed, and we help communities adapt to droughts and floods that threaten livelihoods and the environment.

Financement : The Global Environment Facility UNDP

Budget : US$ 7,441,819

Présentation : PNUD

Page publiée le 5 août 2016, mise à jour le 26 mai 2017