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Universidade de Sao Paulo (2016)

Articulation in the Brazilian semiarid (ASA Brazil) : the relationship with semiarid and the construction of a resistance regionalism

Santos, Thiago Araujo

Titre : Articulation in the Brazilian semiarid (ASA Brazil) : the relationship with semiarid and the construction of a resistance regionalism

Articulação no semiárido brasileiro (ASA Brasil) : a convivência com o semiárido e a construção de um regionalismo de resistência

Auteur : Santos, Thiago Araujo

Université de soutenance : Universidade de Sao Paulo

Grade : Doctorat 2016

Description
The Articulation in the Semi-arid (ASA Brazil) organization that assembles more than 3.000 social movements, syndicates, Non-governmental Organizations, associations, regional and local collectivities arose in 1999, with the intention for strengthen the demand for definite solutions to supplies and water access difficulties of the Brazilian semi-arid. On the one hand, ASAs focus is development and consolidation of wide range organized strategies directed in valuation of autonomy and political strengthening of the peasants. On the other hand, ASAs organizations and movements pursue for building and propagation cheaper alternative technologies that allow decentralized water storage through rain capture, being plates tanks the main option among them. Through the adopted strategies and developed alternative technologies, organizations and social movements joined ASA admit an opposite political position to traditional water troubleshooting based on big buildings and palliative ways to struggle against drought, mainly for these ones result in water storage concentration and open up space for reproduction of political-customer domination relationships, being water change for vote the most evident expression of this. In 2003, The Formation and Social Mobilization for Living in the Semi-Arid Program : One Million of Rural Tanks (P1MC) created as a product of an established union between ASA and federal government. It has been become a public policy, the plates tanks distribution required from ASA the configuration of a refined organizational process, so that to enable a reasonable expansion of spatial reach of this articulation and its action on multiple geographic scales. Taking organizational structure and configured strategies by ASA as references, here, we aimed to analyze political dimensions of relationship with the semi-arids actions developed by ASA. In this approach, the object is composed of consequential implications from established interaction between the State and opponents against traditional politics of struggle against drought. Based on obtained data by interviews, documentary analysis and field works, we have considered that political-interventional actions and representations which are side by side to the struggle against drought and relationship with the semi-arid perspectives as geographic ideologies, that shows through the regionalism, contrary class interests, revealing a disagreement essentially triggered by relation between politics and space.

Mots clés  : Geographic ideologies — Peasantry — Relationship with the semiarid – Campesinato — Convivência com o semiárido — Ideologias geográficas

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Page publiée le 14 août 2016, mise à jour le 10 juillet 2017