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Universidade de Sao Paulo (2016)

Impact of cash transfer program in well-being in face of climate change in Northeast, Brazil

Martins, Ana Maria Barbieri Bedra

Titre : Impact of cash transfer program in well-being in face of climate change in Northeast, Brazil

Avaliação dos impactos de políticas públicas de transferência de renda na qualidade de vida no semiárido nordestino face às mudanças climáticas

Auteur : Martins, Ana Maria Barbieri Bedra

Université de soutenance : Universidade de Sao Paulo

Grade : Doctorat 2016

Résumé
Most vulnerable areas and population will suffer different impacts from climate change and this impacts will be felt locally, and will vary from place to place One of the most concerns of scholars is that these negative impacts of climate change on society, health and the environment is likely to offset any gains made until now in improving quality of life in vulnerable areas, especially in Northeastern Brazil. In this context, climate change and natural climate variability could accentuate an existing social vulnerability, causing loss in their quality of life. Objective : Analyze how the impact of anti-poverty program (Bolsa Família Program and the Rural pension) has change through time poor households perception of subjective well-being. Methods : Qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection was used to capture and analysis the perception of quality of life in rural and urban poor families in two cities in the state of Ceará (Parambu and Boa Viagem) under a drought stress. Total of 221 household interviews was conducted (141 in rural households and 80 in urban households). In addition key informants interviews - at municipal and state level ; religious leaders ; rural associations and health workers was conducted through qualitative questionnaire. N-vivo and IBM SPSS 22 was used to organize and analyze the data. Results : Results was separated and presented in three different manuscript. Overall founding was despite the income transfer programs act positively improving overall quality of life during a drought event households are not being able to overcome from what make them vulnerable, and may affect their subjective well-being. At the same time, due to the limitations and shortcomings of drought policy intervention, the relationship of dependency and clientelism continues to perpetuate. Conclusion : All the material gains in quality of life promoted by social programs such as Bolsa Família and rural pension despite being necessary, are not sufficient to promote a positive transformation in the lives of these families

Mots clés  : Mudança Climática - Políticas Públicas - Qualidade de Vida - Seca - Transferência de Renda - Cash Transfer Program - Climate Change - Drought - Public Policy - Well-Being

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Page publiée le 13 août 2016, mise à jour le 6 juillet 2017