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Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (2015)

Influência da seca extrema na dinâmica fitoplanctônica de um reservatório da região tropical semiárida : uma abordagem morfofuncional

Braga, Gustavo Girão

Titre : Influência da seca extrema na dinâmica fitoplanctônica de um reservatório da região tropical semiárida : uma abordagem morfofuncional

Auteur : Braga, Gustavo Girão

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN)

Grade : Mestrado em Ecologia 2015

Résumé
Droughts are climatic phenomena whose frequency has increased in the last decades and also compromised drinkable water supplies in semiarid regions. The lack of rain combined with high evaporation rates promotes a significant reduction of the volume of reservoirs in these regions. Shallower conditions favors nutrients concentration and phytoplankton overgrowth, including potentially toxic cyanobacteria blooming. Therefore, there is a tendency to the intensification of eutrophication in those reservoirs during drought periods. Phytoplankton can respond quickly to environmental conditions related to light and nutrient availability by changes in algal biomass and composition, therefore it is considered a good predictor of environmental variables. Two functional approaches - Reynolds’s Functional Groups (FG) and Kruk’s Morphologically Based Functional Groups (MBFG) - were used to assess which environmental variables were responsible for phytoplankton dynamics, in addition to compare which functional approach explains environmental changes better. This study highlights that the reduction of 90% in the volume of a tropical reservoir of Brazilian semi-arid region, as well as light limitation and nutrient increase, can promote phytoplankton overgrowth. Multivariate analyses using both functional approaches indicated a clear separation between high volumes and low volumes conditions, showing that light and nutrient availability were the main variables that better explained the combination of functional groups. The composition of phytoplankton assemblage changed from species of meso-eutrophic habitats (FG : F and J ; MBFG : VI), to organisms of eutrophic and turbid environments (FG : SN and M ; MBFG : VIII and VII) during shallower conditions. Both ecological approaches described properly the phytoplankton dynamics according to light and trophic state alterations related to the water volume reduction, therefore they can be considered as equivalent approaches for using in similar environments

Mots Clés : Eutrofização ; Flutuações no nível da água ; Qualidade da água ; Grupos funcionais

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Page publiée le 3 septembre 2016, mise à jour le 24 juillet 2017