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Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST) 2008

Bio-Climatic Architecture And Thermal Comfort In Vernacular Buildings In Jordan

Alia Saviana Fayez Moh’D Badarneh

Titre : Bio-Climatic Architecture And Thermal Comfort In Vernacular Buildings In Jordan

Auteur : Alia Saviana Fayez Moh’D Badarneh

Université de soutenance : Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST)

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2008

Résumé
Building construction in developing countries consume high rate of energy in order to improve the building indoor comfort without taking climate into consideration. The application of bioclimatic architecture is a critical factor in improving thermal comfort and reducing energy consumption. Bioclimatic architecture refers to an alternative way in building construction where local climatic conditions are taken into account, where number of passive technologies is used in order to improve thermal comfort. Reaching to thermal comfort can be a problematic in the new contemporary residential buildings where no attention is paid in designing and constructing buildings to climate factor. However vernacular architecture and traditional buildings were thermally satisfied. A large majority of vernacular buildings respond to bioclimatic principles, developing in a specific place and covering the need of that particular area. The objective of this study is to set a base of bioclimatic architecture principles and techniques by learning from vernacular architecture. Jordan as one of developing countries seeks using bioclimatic design principles ; in spite of the existence of vernacular architecture which contains a strong evident of the use of passive strategies and bioclimatic design techniques to improve thermal comfort. This research aims to contribute to a better understanding of the concept of bioclimatic architecture and its role in achieving thermal comfort and minimizing energy consumption through developing a model of bioclimatic design elements suitable for every climatic region in Jordan based on vernacular architecture. Therefore, this research reviews vernacular architecture in Jordan, eighty two vernacular buildings were collected, and then they were typologically classified according to building form, building materials, building orientation, and building shading devices. After randomly selecting five specific buildings ,alternative parametric of buildings design elements generating (480) different cases of building configurations .Then Energy building simulation program (DEROB-LTH) was used to run all the cases. The simulation results were statistically analyzed and discussed. This result the best fit of the four building parameters for every climatic region in Jordan. The outcome of this research was a model of the best building configuration where thermal comfort was achieved with minimum energy consumption, which helps architects and designers to develop buildings that meet the modern environmental concepts of sustainability.

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Page publiée le 9 novembre 2016, mise à jour le 22 mars 2019