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Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST) 2008

Farmers Awareness and Training needs toward the production and conservation of Medicinal Herbal plants in Jordan

Al-Uzayzi, Samar Fayiz

Titre : Farmers Awareness and Training needs toward the production and conservation of Medicinal Herbal plants in Jordan

Auteur : Al-Uzayzi, Samar Fayiz

Université de soutenance : Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST)

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2008

Résumé
Medicinal and herbal plants (M/H) contribute to many people lives. Wild plant species contribute significantly to gross national production [GNP] of many countries. It is estimated that around 485 wild plant species that belong to 99 plant families exist in Jordan. The main purpose of the study is to determine farmer’s awareness and training needs towards the production of M/H plants in Jordan The research instrument is a survey questionnaire consisting of six parts and the sample population was (n=209). The specific objectives of the study are to (1) describe M/H farmers on certain characteristics, (2) determining farmer’s awareness towards the production of M/H, (3) determining the relationship (association) between farmer’s awareness and certain personal characteristics of farmers, (4) determining the training needs of farmers in the production of the M/H plants. The results of the study showed that males are the majority of the sample population (66%) and (34%) are females. Thirty six percent was highly educated and completed their university degree and about (9%) were illiterate. Farmers vary in their experience, (24%) have an experience less than five years, and (23%) have experience more than twenty years. Thirty two percent of farmers are full time farmers, and owns their land. The majority of farmers are married (86%) with average family size of seven. The findings also indicated that the majority of farmers are growing thyme, sage and mint as a popular M/H plant grown in Jordan. The study indicates that the majority of M/H farmers (60%) are highly aware in conservation and production aspects of M/H plants and (23%) of farmers have low awareness. For the association between farmer’s awareness and the age characteristics the study showed that the majority of farmers (60%) whose age greater than 60 years old are against harvesting M/H plant by pulling. Moreover ; and in the same category of farmers age (71%) feel that there is a high need for a proper legislation for conserving M/H plants in Jordan. According to the relationship (association) between farmer’s awareness and their educational level. The majority of illiterate farmers (89%) showed very high need for awareness programs about conservation and production of M/H plants. Moreover ; the majority of farmers with University degree believe that M/H plants should be conserved in their natural habitat. The results of the relationship (association) between farmer’s awareness and farmers’ experience indicated that farmers having experience more than 20 years showed very high awareness (74%) about quality control related to M/H plants. The same category of farmers has very high awareness (70%) in believing that wild M/H plants should be protected by legislations. On the other hand and at the same category of farmers (71%) believe that pulling the plants from the wild is not the proper way of harvesting. As far as gender concerns, the study showed that the majority of females (64%) have very high awareness about conserving wild M/H plants that can help in biodiversity. Moreover ; females (50%) showed very high awareness than males in knowing various methods of drying. Moreover ; females (42%) showed very low awareness in knowing how to implement the irrigation system in their fields and (43%) are not aware of the maintenance of the irrigation system. The study indicated that awareness programs are needed in the area of marketing, harvesting, grading and post harvest practices. The study indicated and priorities the following training courses : (1) Marketing (2) Pest and disease management (3) Harvesting and post harvesting techniques (4) Irrigation design and maintenance (5) Fertilizer application (6) Soil sterilization (7) Planting methods (8) Weed control and (9) Soil preparation respectively.

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Page publiée le 15 novembre 2016, mise à jour le 22 mars 2019