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Instituto Politécnico de Bragança (2016)

Assessment of grazing selectivity in relation to land cover : a comparison between sheep and goats

Hassidou, Maroua

Titre : Assessment of grazing selectivity in relation to land cover : a comparison between sheep and goats

Auteur : Hassidou, Maroua

Université de soutenance : Instituto Politécnico de Bragança

Grade : Mestrado em Gestão de Recursos Florestais 2016

Contexte
Portugal’s Northeast production of sheep and goats are based on the exploitation of landscape by-products such as spontaneous native vegetation and agriculture leftovers. Shepherds tend the flocks throughout grazing itineraries every day, crossing a mosaic of patches of varied land uses. During the journey, the shepherd acts together with the sheep and goats to select each patch in creating an ordered sequence of land uses. The focus of the research is on the land-use composition of the grazing itineraries ; determinate how they depend on the patterns of the landscape mosaic. It is utilized a data set of 26 monthly herd’s itineraries, 13 of sheep and 13 of goats, to investigate the relationship of the land uses crossed by the flocks and the land uses of the landscape, evaluating the land-use preferences and selectivity of the sheep and goats. It is utilized the divergences in the time spent and distance travelled by the herds and the area of the land uses in the landscape, the chi-square test to relate the preferred land used and the season, and the discriminate analysis to distinguish the preferences and the selectivity of the herd of sheep and the herd of goats. The herds of the sheep and the goats presented different land-use preferences over the seasons and the discriminant analysis shows that they have different landscape preferences. The herd of sheep has the highest selectivity indexes for the annual irrigated crops, the agricultural complex systems and the agroforestry land uses. The highest selectivity indexes for the herd of goats were found for the deciduous forest, the agriculture with natural and semi-natural spaces and the shrublands land uses. It was concluded that the landscape management for sheep and goats herding has to be different : the agricultural land uses are essential to the flocks of sheep and the forest land uses are decisive to the flocks of goats.

Mots clés  : Small ruminants Grazing circuits Land-uses preferences Land-use selectivity index Portugal

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Page publiée le 30 novembre 2016, mise à jour le 22 août 2018