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National Science Foundation (USA) 2013

Assessing poverty dynamics in an arid agrarian context—pre-Saharan Morocco

Poverty Arid Morocco

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

Titre : Assessing poverty dynamics in an arid agrarian context—pre-Saharan Morocco

Organismes NSF : SBE Off Of Multidisciplinary Activities

Durée : August 15, 2013 - July 31, 2017

Description
The purpose is to explore the determinants of upward economic mobility and chronic poverty in an oasis valley of southern Morocco and builds on the ethnographic fieldwork conducted for the Fellow’s PhD in cultural anthropology at the University of Kentucky. The goals of the research are to : 1) empirically test a model of poverty dynamics developed through ethnographic field methods and a small sample of household case studies ; 2) use the tools of economic poverty analysis to explain which households in the Mgoun valley experienced upward mobility or chronic poverty and why ; and 3) use empirical, economic and qualitative, anthropological approaches to offer an explanation of vulnerability to poverty that places household strategies to manage income and assets in the context of broader structural and temporal processes. The hypothesis is that multiple stable equilibria—divergent and stable trajectories of capital accumulation for some and chronic poverty for others—have emerged for households in the Mgoun valley of Morocco. The primary research method is a survey of 300 household heads from throughout the Mgoun valley. The survey will use current and recall data on income, assets, demographic, and livelihoods to test the representativeness of previous research findings and yield new insights about poverty dynamics in this arid agrarian context. Households will be chosen through stratified random sampling techniques. This survey will allow for econometric analysis with the support of the faculty mentor. Complementary anthropological methods such as open and semi-structured interviewing will provide context for the survey data. The data collection and poverty analysis necessary for the project rely on an interdisciplinary collaboration between the quantitative techniques from economics and the anthropological emphasis on complex determinants of social and economic transformation.

Partenaires : Yoko Kusunose yoko.kusunose uky.edu (Principal Investigator) Karen Rignall (Co-Principal Investigator)

Financement : $208,569.00

Présentation (National Science Foundation)

Page publiée le 10 février 2017, mise à jour le 22 novembre 2017