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North Texas State University (1984)

Managing Water Resources in the Tigris and Euphrates Drainage Basin : An Inquiry into the Policy Process

Al-Himyari, Abbas Hussien

Titre : Managing Water Resources in the Tigris and Euphrates Drainage Basin : An Inquiry into the Policy Process

Auteur : Al-Himyari, Abbas Hussien

Université de soutenance : North Texas State University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1984

Description
The Tigris and Euphrates are international rivers vital to the four countries through which they flow : Turkey, Syria, Iraq, and Iran. The population in the region has more than doubled in less than thirty years, and irrigated agriculture, hydroelectric power generation, industrialization, and urbanization have increased. All of these developments require more water, and the de pendence of the riparian nations on the waters of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers has become apparent, as has the need for comprehensive, basin-wide management of water resources. At present the riparians have shown some concern about the management of water in the two rivers, although no consensus exists as to the precise nature of the problem or what should be done to resolve it. This policy-oriented dissertation attempts to help frame the policy issues of managing the waters of the Tigris and Euphrates basin. It also seeks to provide an understanding of the policy process and to meet the intelligence needs of policy-makers with regard to the future management of these international waterways. Finally, it provides strategies for developing and implementing a cooperative water policy for this in ternational basin. The dissertation is divided into four parts. Part One comprises the introduction, a review of the literature pertaining to the waters of international drainage basins, and a consideration of the research approaches applicable to policy-oriented studies. Part Two deals with the en vironmental factors influencing the use and management of the Tigris-Euphrates drainage basin. Part Three examines the causes of increasing competition and conflict over the waters in the basin and the factors of interdependence which tend to mitigate conflict over water resources. Ex periences in other countries in dealing with international drainage basins are also considered. Part Four attempts to apply these concepts and strategies to the riparian nations in the Tigris and Euphrates valley.

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Page publiée le 27 novembre 2016, mise à jour le 7 décembre 2018