Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Doctorat → Autriche → The advantages of biogas technology in Ethiopia ; assessment of energy demand and consumption in urban and peri-urban areas

Universität Wien (2006)

The advantages of biogas technology in Ethiopia ; assessment of energy demand and consumption in urban and peri-urban areas

Deju, Markus

Titre : The advantages of biogas technology in Ethiopia ; assessment of energy demand and consumption in urban and peri-urban areas

Auteur : Deju, Markus

Akad. Grad : Dr. rer. nat. Wien, Univ., Diss., 2006

Université de soutenance : Universität Wien | Fakultät für Lebenswissenschaften | Department für Chemische Ökologie und Ökosystemforschung

Résumé
This thesis aims to present perspectives of processes involved in dissemination of smallscale non-urban renewable technology in Ethiopia. The focus is on the potential that exists to spread the biogas technology in Ethiopia. The propagation of the technology is viewed from two perspectives : (i) demand of energy and (ii) consumption of energy. The demand perspective relates to how much the technology is needed and the possible resources that exist in the country. The consumption perspective relates to the availability, acceptance and affordability of the technology in the livelihood systems of the users. The possibility of dissemination of small-scale family-size biogas units in Ethiopia was studied. A Survey questionnaire and interviews constitute the main source of information. In Ethiopia, a Government program promoting biogas technology has facilitated the installation of about 400 biogas units in urban and non-urban areas to date. The users of the technology are the women in the household. Nevertheless, women have had little influence on the development of the technology per se, and the implementation process. The integration and dissemination of biogas technology in the livelihood of the society needs the active participation of the user (women). The analysis in this thesis shows that the propagation and integration of the technology will be successful if the government considers subsidizing or providing a tax-free loan for the project. A distinction has to be made between practical experienced benefits and potential benefits. While the local knowledge dimension is linked to the practical experienced benefits, potential benefits are based on knowledge from the global knowledge dimension. The gap between these knowledge dimensions makes identification of benefits, or problems that a specific technology solves a crucial issue in the propagation process. Moreover, strategies for the propagation of renewable energy technologies and approaches to fit the specific condition in the country, education and marketing development for renewable technologies and factors that affect the dissemination is described. By taking in to account the consumer and society points of view, what influences the willingness to possess a biogas plant is the affordability. This study concludes with some recommendations namely : The formation of a steering committee to promote the technology, new and flexible financial mechanism, active participation of the women, better organization and coordination between the different institutes.

Mots clé : Äthiopien / Biogas / Energiebedarf / Dung / Organische Abfälle / Abfallwirtschaft — Ethiopia / biogas / energy demand / dung / organic waste / waste management

Présentation : Österreichische Dissertationsdatenbank

Page publiée le 3 mars 2008, mise à jour le 14 mars 2019