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Johannes Kepler Universität Linz (2006)

Determinants of sustainable development in developing countries

Atya, Eyad

Titre : Determinants of sustainable development in developing countries

Auteur : Atya, Eyad

Akad. Grad : Dr. phil. Linz, Univ., Diss., 2006

Université de soutenance : Johannes Kepler Universität Linz | Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät | Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre. Abteilung für Wirtschaftspolitik

Résumé
This dissertation is presented in eight chapters. Chapter One lays out the background, research problem, hypotheses, and objectives of the study. Chapter Two presents the theory of sustainable development, while Chapter Three reviews the literature on sustainable development. Chapter Four presents the indicators of sustainable development. Chapter Five examines the relationship between sustainable development and energy and measure the progress towards sustainable energy development in the Egyptian energy sector. Chapter Six measures the progress towards sustainable development in the Egyptian economy over the period 1970-2002. Chapter Seven presents an econometric analysis of sustainable development in developing countries. Chapter Eight concludes with a number of policy recommendations and points out areas for further research. This study measured the progress towards sustainable development in Egypt over the period 1970-2002. The study used four indicators : the genuine savings, the ecological footprints, the human development indices, and the United Nations indicators of sustainable development. Different results concerning the sustainability of Egypt over the period in question (1970-2002) emerge from the indicators chosen. The study designed a new composite indicator for sustainable development called Sustainable Development Index (SDI) and applied it to the Egyptian economy. The Study also applied the sustainable energy development indicators developed by IAEA et al. (2005) to the Egyptian energy sector. The study estimated the function of sustainable development in developing countries. The study used panel data and employed ordinary least squares with Panel Corrected Standard Errors (PCSE) following Beck and Katz (1995). The study used two indicators for sustainability : genuine savings as indicator of weak sustainability and ecological footprints as indicator of strong sustainability. The analysis resulted in the conclusion that the determinants of weak sustainability in developing countries are economic growth, trade openness, population growth, resources abundance, and human capital, while the determinants of strong sustainability are economic growth, trade openness, population growth, and foreign direct investment.

Mots clé : Entwicklungsländer / Nachhaltigkeit / Nachhaltige Entwicklung / — Sustainable Development

Présentation : Österreichische Dissertationsdatenbank

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