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Universidade Nova (2016)

Mapping the Pasture Steppe in Bayankhongor, Mongolia : comparison of classification methods, using Landsat-8 and geophysical data

Lopes, Catarina Isabel Gouveia

Titre : Mapping the Pasture Steppe in Bayankhongor, Mongolia : comparison of classification methods, using Landsat-8 and geophysical data.

Auteur : Lopes, Catarina Isabel Gouveia.

Université de soutenance : Universidade Nova

Grade : Master Thesis 2016

Résumé
Grasslands in semi-arid regions, like Mongolian steppes, are facing desertification and degradation processes, due to climate change. Mongolia’s main economic activity consists on an extensive livestock production and, therefore, it is a concerning matter for the decision makers. Remote sensing and Geographic Information Systems provide the tools for advanced ecosystem management and have been widely used for monitoring and management of pasture resources. This study investigates which is the higher thematic detail that is possible to achieve through remote sensing, to map the steppe vegetation, using medium resolution earth observation imagery in three districts (soums) of Mongolia : Dzag, Buutsagaan and Khureemaral. After considering different thematic levels of detail for classifying the steppe vegetation, the existent pasture types within the steppe were chosen to be mapped. In order to investigate which combination of data sets yields the best results and which classification algorithm is more suitable for incorporating these data sets, a comparison between different classification methods were tested for the study area. Sixteen classifications were performed using different combinations of estimators, Landsat-8 (spectral bands and Landsat-8 NDVI-derived) and geophysical data (elevation, mean annual precipitation and mean annual temperature) using two classification algorithms, maximum likelihood and decision tree. Results showed that the best performing model was the one that incorporated Landsat-8 bands with mean annual precipitation and mean annual temperature (Model 13), using the decision tree. For maximum likelihood, the model that incorporated Landsat-8 bands with mean annual precipitation (Model 5) and the one that incorporated Landsat-8 bands with mean annual precipitation and mean annual temperature (Model 13), achieved the higher accuracies for this algorithm. The decision tree models consistently outperformed the maximum likelihood ones

Mots Clés : Remote sensing ; Geographic Information Systems ; Landsat-8 ; Geophysical data ; Maximum likelihood ; Decision tree ; Domínio/Área Científica ::Engenharia e Tecnologia ::Engenharia do Ambiente

Présentation (RCAAP)

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Page publiée le 29 novembre 2016, mise à jour le 2 novembre 2017