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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Allemagne → 2006 → Problématique de l’articulation de la modernisation à la tradition chez les communautés paysannes du Pays-Bwa dans le cercle de Tominian dans le Sud-Est malien

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (2006)

Problématique de l’articulation de la modernisation à la tradition chez les communautés paysannes du Pays-Bwa dans le cercle de Tominian dans le Sud-Est malien

Coulibaly, Denis

Titre : Problématique de l’articulation de la modernisation à la tradition chez les communautés paysannes du Pays-Bwa dans le cercle de Tominian dans le Sud-Est malien

Auteur : Coulibaly, Denis

Université de soutenance : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Landwirtschaftlich-Gärtnerische Fakultät

Grade : Dr. rer. agr. Veterinärmedizin 2006

Résumé
Native of the Bwa-Land in Mali, I undertook a study to understand the social dynamics among people living in this geographical zone. The Bwa-Land is located in the Sahelian region of Mali. There live together Bwa, the major ethnic group, and some other minor ethnic groups such as Dafing, Peulh, Dogon and Manianka. Except the Peulhs (stockbreeders), all other ethnic groups practice crop farming and off-farm activities. Bwa people are considered conservative, are administratively marginalised in Mali and not much studied. The objectives of the doctoral studies were to : present the links between indigenous socio-agricultural practices and factors of rural modernisation in the Bwa-Land ; explain the coexistence of lack of change and of trends towards evolution ; define the role of the factors of modernisation and evolution in the attitudes of the peasants Bwa and Dafing vis-à-vis these factors ; measure the evolution of integration of the Bwa-land to the dynamics of democratic progress occurring at national level in Mali. Therefore, we combined methods and instruments used in empirical social sciences research that include : questionnaires, participant observation, analyse of published documents. The data were collected during a seven-months field survey realised in two phases. Data evaluation and analysis were performed using the computer-based programme WinMax-QDA.The results showed that the Bwa locality, like any other, do not escape the law of the natural (endogenous) and induced (innovations) dynamics. It has inherited certain autonomy and is equipped with strategies and objectives and evolutes in very open interaction with its agricultural, social and political environment. Our results also reveal the trends in the indigenous social dynamics and the behaviour of the communities vis-à-vis exogenous factors of change. Peasants have always lived in dialectical relationship with their social and natural environment. We conclude that, local change as part of change occurring at national level is worldwide omnipresent with some local, cultural and economic specificities. The comprehension of this logic is the key of the success of any collaboration with the rural populations and should precede any intervention in rural areas

Mots clés : Mali-country in West Afrika, Bwa-Land in Mali, Ethnic group of the Bwa, Local study, Endogen social dynamic, Tradition and modernisation

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Page publiée le 10 mars 2008, mise à jour le 28 décembre 2018