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Egerton University (2015)

Effectiveness of livelihood diversifications in the management of Ethnic Conflicts between Pokot and Marakwet Communities, Kenya

Chepkangor, Willy

Titre : Effectiveness of livelihood diversifications in the management of Ethnic Conflicts between Pokot and Marakwet Communities, Kenya

Auteur : Chepkangor, Willy

Université de soutenance : Egerton University

Grade : Master of Arts in Sociology 2015

Résumé
The current study analyzed the effectiveness of livelihood diversification in the management of ethnic conflicts between Pokot and Marakwet communities. The Pokot and Marakwet communities are traditionally pastoralists living in Kenya’s North Rift region. Due to the arid conditions of the Marakwet and Pokot districts, nomadic pastoralism has until recently been the most feasible and reliable source of livelihood for the local people. Sharing of the common and limited water, pasture and other inputs needed for pastoralism has fuelled competition and conflicts over these resources. This study confined itself to current mechanisms, the effect of livelihood strategies and the relationship between livelihood diversification and conflict management. The study had a sample size of 210 selected through purposive and stratified random sampling. Data was collected by use of interview schedule. Once collected, data were coded and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results of the study were reported in percentages and presented in tables and figures. It was found that negotiation, coercion, police intervention and litigation were the most common mechanisms employed to manage conflicts between the two communities, with negotiation and coercion being found to be the most and least effective respectively. The fact that pastoralism was persistently getting prone to conflict thus make it least rewarding and its future uncertain prompting a number of members of the two communities to consider crop and dairy farming, formal employment and business as alternative sources of livelihoods. The decision to pursue alternative sources of livelihood (away from pastoralism) resulted in a reduction in incidences of pastoral conflicts between the two communities. But the fact that new sources of livelihood such as crop farming and charcoal may lead to depletion of resources also targeted by pastoralists prompted this study to recommend for the development of an integrated resource use and management framework. This study also recommends for further study to be done on the determinants of successful livelihood transitions. The study revealed that some members of the two communities appear to have taken off successfully in current livelihood sources while others were struggling and find it cumbersome to cope with their new sources of livelihood.

Présentation

Page publiée le 4 décembre 2016, mise à jour le 22 février 2018