Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 1996 → Transformations in Samburu domestic economy : the reconstitution of age and gender-based processes of production and resource allocation among a Kenyan ’pastoral’ people.

University of Michigan (1996)

Transformations in Samburu domestic economy : the reconstitution of age and gender-based processes of production and resource allocation among a Kenyan ’pastoral’ people.

Holtzman, Jon David

Titre : Transformations in Samburu domestic economy : the reconstitution of age and gender-based processes of production and resource allocation among a Kenyan ’pastoral’ people.

Auteur : Holtzman, Jon David

Université de soutenance : University of Michigan

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1996

Présentation
The Samburu of northern Kenya have experienced a range of transformations in age and gender-based domestic relationships, concomitant with widespread socioeconomic change. While pastoralism has historically been their sole economic pursuit, factors related to their integration within the colonial and independent Kenyan state have led to the adoption of alternative economic activities. As new economic activities rise in importance within the Samburu household based economy, the forms these activities assume are influenced by existing patterns of age and gender-based relationships, while at the same time serving to reshape these relationships. Domains including migratory wage labor, small scale agriculture, brewing, and transformations in dietary practices are examined within a model of Samburu social organization which emphasizes processes internal to domestic groups. Quantitative and qualitative research methods are employed within four Samburu communities differing in environmental factors and proximity to trading centers. Quantitative methods employed include a variety of socioeconomic surveys administered within a sample of 642 households. Qualitative methods include partial life history interviews, other less formal interview methods and participant observation. Extensive historical data is included from archival sources. The study explicates the ways in which the Samburu have actively engaged with externally driven change—particularly with non-pastoral activities which have received little attention in analyses of East African pastoralists. Additionally, by examining processes internal to domestic groups, the study addresses recent critiques of the household as a unit of analysis focusing on its portrayal as a single interest unit. An approach is developed which retains the household as a unit of analysis, based on its emic salience as the center of Samburu economic organization, while accounting for well defined poles of differing interest between individuals and sub-groups within it. Within a model of Samburu domestic processes which characterizes the household as the locus of economic activity within overlapping fields of interest, processes of cooperation, conflict and negotiation are analyzed as the adoption of non-traditional activities reshapes Samburu socioeconomic life.

Sujets : Age, Allocation, Based, Domestic, Economy, Gender, Kenyan, Pastoral, People, Processes, Production, Reconstitution, Resource, Samburu, Transformations

Résumé de la thèse

Version intégrale (13,8 Mb)

Page publiée le 8 décembre 2016