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Temple University (1989)

Maasai women in transition : class and gender in the transformation of pastoral society

Kipuri , Naomi ole

Titre : Maasai women in transition : class and gender in the transformation of pastoral society

Auteur : Kipuri , Naomi ole

Université de soutenance : Temple University, USA

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1989

Présentation
The study is an historical analysis of gender relations in Maasai society. It identifies the transformational processes that have contributed to the social, economic and ideological changes within the society in general and the way these have influenced the position of women in particular. The study outlines the relevant historical phases in the evolution of Maasai society from the pre-colonial, colonial and post- colonial periods and contextualizes and transformational processes within these phases. It discusses, among other changes, the emergence of diviners (iloibonok) in the 17th century and their implication for class and gender asymmetry. It looks at the effects of the ideologies of church and school on the pre-existing ideologies of age and descent, and on the whole social structure. It also assesses the effects of the colonial economy on pastoralism in general and in the development of class and gender hierarchy. It concludes by examining the implications of the post-colonial development policies on the perpetuation and intensification of pre-existing circumstances. It ultimately suggests that women have been gradually pushed to the periphery in the social, political and economic arenas. Although they remain active producers, they are losing control over the products of their labour. It suggests that their situation is inextricably tied to the development of state and class formation in their society from the 17th century to the present. Sujets : Masai (African people)/Pastoralists/Social change/Social classes/Gender/Women’s studies/ ;

Annonce de la thèse

Page publiée le 9 décembre 2016