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Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (1983)

A polyperiod risk programming analysis of smallholder farm development in Kenya

Lugogo, Juma Athman

Titre : A polyperiod risk programming analysis of smallholder farm development in Kenya

Auteur : Lugogo, Juma Athman

Etablissement de soutenance : Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1983

Résumé
Smallholder farmers in Kenya enjoy relatively low incomes. At 4.0 percent population growth rate, increasingly less resources are available per farm family to satisfy their basic needs of subsistence and leave significant surpluses for sales. The development strategy, since independence therefore has aimed at transforming smallholder agriculture from a traditional subsistence economy to a quasi-commercial sector. Farm production has increasingly shifted from mainly a subsistence food crop, using traditional methods of production, toward a cash crop economy producing tea, coffee, pyrethrum and hybrid maize. The process of transformation calls for a careful evaluation of required resources, and constraints within the context of available technology and desired objectives. The objective of the study is to determine the maximum level of income that can be earned over time by a typical farmer in Kenya given a set of available resources, family’s subsistence and cash requirements. A corollary aim is to evaluate the impact that a change in resource availability would have on the production capacity of the representative farm types. An important subsidiary objective is to determine the effects of various degrees of risk aversion on profit maximizing multi-year farm plans. Current extension service recommendations are taken account of as constraints and within the a-matrix. Enterprise budgets and gross margin deviations were drawn up, calculated and adapted for polyperiod risk programming process. The developed model was applied to a survey data typical of Kericho, Kenya smallholder production systems and objectives.

Sujets : Agricultural economics ; Farming ; Tea ; Coffee ; Pyrethrum ; Maize ; Kericho, Kenya ;

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Page publiée le 22 décembre 2016, mise à jour le 12 novembre 2018