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Washington State University (1989)

Integrating dual-purpose goats on small farms in Western Kenya

Nyaribo, Fanny Boyani

Titre : Integrating dual-purpose goats on small farms in Western Kenya.

Auteur : Nyaribo, Fanny Boyani

Université de soutenance : Washington State University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1989

Smallholder farms in Kenya account for 75 percent of total agricultural output, 66 percent of the farm land area, and over 85 percent of total agricultural employment or 70 percent of total employment in the economy. Smallholders’ share of GDP, while high relative to that of the large farm sector, has declined in the last 17 years. Kenya has an estimated population growth rate of 4.1 percent, with the majority of the population concentrated in the rural sector. If this growth rate is sustained smallholder farm sizes will continue to decline with grave implications for future agricultural productivity. In order to reverse the current trend of diminishing smallholder output, intensification of land use, improved management practices, and new technical innovations are needed. This study was carried out in Siaya and Kakamega districts of western Kenya and examines the economic feasibility of a new livestock technology and three forage technologies with a view to increasing smallholder incomes and improving household nutrition. The impact of the Dual Purpose Goat (DPG), sudan grass, pigeon pea forages and hay storage technologies were analyzed using representative farm linear programming. Three representative farms of varying sizes were modelled for each study site. The results indicated that the level of DPG management had the most influence on DPG adoption in both study sites. Subsidized credit significantly increased farm income on the medium and large farms and induced DPG adoption on the large Hamisi farm. Due to the low land endowment on the small Hamisi farm (0.69 ha) the DPG was not profitable under average or above average management. The small farm was not assisted by credit. In Siaya, the DPG under average management and new forages was profitable only on the small farm (0.99 ha). Unlike Hamisi, the impact of subsidized credit on DPG adoption in Siaya under average management was positive for all farm sizes. In Siaya credit availability was also key to DPG adoption under average management. In Hamisi household calorie requirements were met entirely through home produced grain. In Siaya some grain was purchased to meet household calorie requirements in addition to purchases of vegetables and beef. There was a tradeoff between farm income and family nutritional adequacy.

Sujets : Agricultural economics ; Farming ; Goats ; Sudan grass ; Cajanus cajan ; Siaya District ; Kakamega District ;


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