Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Doctorat → Canada → Pastoralists and education : school participation and social change among the Maasai

McGill University (1986)

Pastoralists and education : school participation and social change among the Maasai

Sarone, Ole Sena

Titre : Pastoralists and education : school participation and social change among the Maasai.

Auteur : Sarone, Ole Sena

Université de soutenance : McGill University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1986

Résumé
Educational research in pastoral areas has usually focused on government policy at the national level. This approach has tended to ignore local perceptions and attitudes towards schooling in rural areas. More specifically, it has ofent neglected the consequences and implications of educational participation for the pastoral way of life. The Maasai were granted autonomy on their reserve and no pressure reserve and no pressure was put on them to send their children to school during the colonial period. Today, land registration and national integration are the most potent factors increasing school expansion. School participation among the Maasai should, therefore, be seen in the larger socio-cultural and historical context, as one important issue is in the relationship between Maasai and national institutions. This relationship has been influenced by factors which are internal to the Maasai society and its pastoral economy as well as by its historical experience. It is contended in this dissertation that school participation rates among the Maasai have increased in the past fifteen years as a response to the political and economic insecurity created by changes in land tenure, wage employment and the expansion of the cash economy.

Sujets : Masai (African people)/ Pastoralists/ Education/ Ethnology/ Social change/ ;

Présentation

Version intégrale (13 Mb)

Page publiée le 15 février 2017, mise à jour le 1er décembre 2018