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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 1989 → Rural-urban relations and agrarian development in Kutus area, Kenya

University of California, Los Angeles (1989)

Rural-urban relations and agrarian development in Kutus area, Kenya

Ngau, Peter Musyoki

Titre : Rural-urban relations and agrarian development in Kutus area, Kenya

Auteur : Ngau, Peter Musyoki

Université de soutenance : University of California, Los Angeles,

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1989

A considerable flow of resources takes place at the household level from urban to rural and from non- agricultural to agricultural activities by way of urban- rural remittances, nonfarm income, and return migration. The potential of this flow of resources in spurring rural economic development has been accorded little significance in development theory and planning. This dissertation uses data from Kutus area, Kenya to show how rural-urban exchange relations drive rural development. First, it investigates the relationship between farm income, the propensity to earn income from sources other than the farm, and agricultural production and productivity. Next, it examines where rural households earn their incomes, where they spend and invest it, and the consequences for economic development in the Kutus area. The analysis demonstrates that the use of nonfarm income enables rural households in kutus area to raise agricultural output, productivity, and farm income. The study also reveals that rural household economic behavior is highly oriented towards spending and re-investing in the local area spurring the growth of nonfarm activities in kutus town and lower market centers. Growth of smallholder production and rural economy has been the main engine of Kenya’s sustained economic growth. There is still considerable scope for further development of agriculture. The study emphasizes establishment of rural development policies that encompass both agriculture and nonfarm activities, rural as well as urban areas, and the need to re-orient institutional infrastructure for rural development to make it more responsive to smallholder production.

Sujets : Rural development ; Rural urban migration ; Farming ; Kutus, Kenya ;


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