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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 1992 → Trees for the poorest : equity and agroforestry extension in Southwestern Kenya

University of California, Berkeley (1992)

Trees for the poorest : equity and agroforestry extension in Southwestern Kenya

Diamond, Nancy Kay

Titre : Trees for the poorest : equity and agroforestry extension in Southwestern Kenya

Auteur : Diamond, Nancy Kay

Université de soutenance : University of California, Berkeley

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1992

During the last ten years, proponents have persuasively argued that agroforestry is a technology well-suited to the resources, needs and priorities of even the poorest farmers. As a result, funding from multilateral, bilateral and non-governmental donors for agroforestry activities has rapidly expanded during the last decade. However, there is little hard evidence to support the equity claims of agroforestry proponents. Instead, early reports suggest that agroforestry projects/programs seem likely to be another contributing force to the widening gap between the Third World’s rural rich and poor. In 1989-90, I investigated the distribution of project goods and services from the three agroforestry extension projects working within the same community (Sakwa East location) in southwestern Kenya. This comparative case study was conducted over a 17-month period. The projects had been working in the area for three to five years. They represented assistance from a bilateral donor and two international Non-Governmental Oganizations (one small and one large). The three projects varied with respect to their organizational dimensions and extension methodology (clients, technology, mix of goods and services). Through an extensive homestead survey and informal interviews, I interviewed approximately 400 community members (including project clients and non- clients). Through my study, I discovered that the poorest community members, homesteads, primary schools and women’s groups were not receiving a proportionate share of project goods and services. The distributional outcomes of the three projects did not differ significantly. These results suggest that similarities rather than differences among the three projects resulted in inequitable distribution. These problematic similarities involve a lack of sensitivity to these issues and subsequent inadequate collection of sociological information during all stages of project activity : planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. For all three projects, donor funding was available regardless of the equity of project activities. These results suggest that agroforestry development planners and workers need to take a closer look at the potential and actual distributional consequences of their efforts. In addition, the donor community should make their support contingent upon equity criteria and in so doing, provide agroforestry projects/programs with a major incentive for planning and managing more equitable activities.

Sujets : Agricultural economics ; Agricultural extension work ; Socioeconomic factors ; Sakwa East Location, Kenya ;


Page publiée le 27 décembre 2016