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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 1994 → Humanization of wildlife management : a case study of Ol Donyo Sabuk National Park, Kenya

Clark University (1994)

Humanization of wildlife management : a case study of Ol Donyo Sabuk National Park, Kenya

Lelo, Francis Kibuba

Titre : Humanization of wildlife management : a case study of Ol Donyo Sabuk National Park, Kenya

Auteur : Lelo, Francis Kibuba

Université de soutenance : Clark University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1994

This study on wildlife management issues is based on field research carried out among the Muka Mukuu community, neighboring the Ol Donyo Sabuk National Park in Machakos District, Eastern Province, Kenya. It confirms existence of deep rooted mistrust between the park administration and the villagers. It further reveals that conflicts in Kenyan wildlife management are faced with a four pronged dilemma revolving around the four Ps : poverty, politics, power and profits. Unless these are reconciled, conflicts among stakeholders will persist. Several data gathering techniques were combined in order to focus on wildlife matters. The research methods included participant observation, key informant interviews, and Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) techniques to collect historical, ecological, and sociological data about the community. Focus group interviews and a survey questionnaire (administered to a random sample) provided information about the community’s attitudes toward the management of wildlife and other natural resources located inside the park. The community members cited alienation of the park from the Muka Mukuu community which is a key stakeholder as the root cause of the conflicts between wildlife conservation interests and the peoples’ needs. The park is also managed using a national model which views parks as islands, completely disconnected from their immediate surroundings. As a uniquely small park in an agrarian landscape Ol Donyo Sabuk National Park requires a more comprehensive management approach that includes physical, biological and human dimensions of its immediate environment. Recommendations drawn from the findings include : poverty alleviation, resolution of the squatter problem through land tenure reform, creation of a stakeholders’ park management forum, (for dialogue between Kenya wildlife service and other groups) and action research to enhance development of the region including income generation, wildlife control, renewable offtake of park resources and social welfare and educational alternatives for the ’market children.’ The implementation of the recommendations could become a model for community based wildlife management in small parks and reserves in Kenya and beyond.

Sujets : Ecology ; Wildlife management ; National parks ; Socioeconomic factors ; Ol Donyo Sabuk National Park, Kenya ; Machakos District ; Muka Mukuu, Machakos District ;


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