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Colorado State University (1980)

Relationships between visitor use and tourist capacity for Kenya’s Amboseli National Park

Henry, Wesley Raymond

Titre : Relationships between visitor use and tourist capacity for Kenya’s Amboseli National Park.

Auteur : Henry, Wesley Raymond

Université de soutenance : Colorado State University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1980

Observational research on visitor behavior and use of Kenya’s Amboseli National Park, one of the most heavily visited wildlife areas in that country, reveals a series of significant interrelated constraints on the tourist capacity and revenue earning potential of the Park. Visitation rates varied widely on a daily, weekly and seasonal basis. At any given time, use was also extremely concentrated in a spatial sense. The net result was an extremely poor utilization of the current supply of wildlife viewing attractions, which greatly reduced potential tourist capacity. A more serious constraint was the restricted range of visitors’ wildlife viewing demand. Intense visitor interest in lions and cheetahs, and the relative scarcity of these animals, make them potentially limiting attractions in capacity calculations. Additional support for this conclusion was derived from the fact that vehicle numbers and harassment were found to have an adverse effect on the behavior of observed cheetahs. These problems must be addressed by management plans and actions. Some actions proposed by the Park do address these problems and, consequently, are recommended for implementation. This is especially true of the proposed road system, which aid in the dispersion of use and increase the supply of available wildlife attractions. Other actions, such as restocking rhinos and adding new visitor facilities, also need to be considered. It is even more important to find out if it is feasible to alter visitors’ wildlife viewing demand. Methods such as training guides and/or drivers and using information to alter viewing patterns are long-term strategies to deal with this situation. They need to be developed and tested as soon as possible. Immediate management attention should be given to the problems of vehicle congestion around lions and cheetahs and the harassment of those species. Decisions are needed on what the most desirable configuration of use should be and how this can be realized. A realistic policy on off-road driving is also needed. Since Amboseli may well serve as a model for other wildlife areas that will be developed for tourism, all implement management actions need to be monitored and evaluated. Major research needs include an examination of the cheetah population to identify the overall impact of vehicle use and to facilitate policy and management decision-making with respect to this endangered species. Visitor attitudes and preferences also need to be examined in depth to see if and how it will be feasible to alter wildlife viewing demand and to identify the important social determinants of tourist capacity.

Sujets : Ecotourism/ Wildlife conservation/ Amboseli National Park, Kenya/ ;


Page publiée le 12 janvier 2017, mise à jour le 19 novembre 2018