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UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2016)

Assessment of the link between the distribution of cash/subsistence crops and water in community managed small scale irrigation

Chamaysha, A.K.

Titre : Assessment of the link between the distribution of cash/subsistence crops and water in community managed small scale irrigation

Auteur : Chamaysha, A.K.

Etablissement de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2016

Résumé
In Ethiopia, the agricultural sector which is the important sector in the economic development and poverty reduction of the country performed strongly for the last decades to improve crop productivity and link it to the market. However, in most of the studies the influence and role of the market expansion for the cash crops is undervalued generally in the country level and particularly in the community managed Hare small scale irrigation. In this scheme, there are different groups of farmers who has been assumed to be the model and ordinary farmers by the current Ethiopian ruling party (FDRE). From this, the different farmers was selected from the model and ordinary farmers and grouped under the different investment models based on their crop choice. The other groups of the households in the scheme are the landless families who involves in the daily labour works, trading and working in the government institutions. To address the general objective of this research, the relevant primary data was collected through the qualitative in-depth interview, group discussion and observation of the scheme. The quantitative data was collected based on the plots sizes, market prices for the crops and data on the crop yields and the water distribution. In addition, the secondary data was obtained from different published and unpublished literatures such as books, peer reviewed journal articles, web pages and different reports regarding small scale irrigation and relation between the market value of the cash crops and water distribution in the small scale irrigations. In the analysis, there are four elements of strategies through can get the water security. Based on the concept of Mollinga (2010), the location can influence the water access for the different water users. Based on this, the farmers located at the head-end and middle of the scheme are water secured while the farmers located at the tail-end of the scheme have the limited access for the water. Similarly, peoples can influence the water security through know who. Based on this, the large plot holders and banana growers are concentrated at the head-end and middle of the scheme making the close contact with the water committees, they have the sufficient water access relatively compared with small plot holders and tail-enders. On the other hand, the farmers can get the water security from access to the technologies. Based on this, the farmers located at the tail-end of the scheme have water access alternatively through own canal construction and using the water pumps to irrigate their plots directly from the river. Finally, based on the concept of the coward (1986), the farmers in the scheme have access to the water based on participation on the canal maintenance works. However, the female-headed households and elder farmers who have the right to the water access based on their traditional rule and the farmers at the tail-end has limited water access. This research concludes that there is a recursive relationship between the distribution of water and the expansion of cash crops in the irrigation scheme in the sense that farmers involved in cash crop farming are more water secure than farmers involved in only subsistence farming. This recursive relationship is affected by the different strategies for securing access to water ii including the location of the plots, the know-who, the creating of hydraulic property relations and the access to technology.

Sujets  : small-scale water projects ; water distribution ; agriculture ; Ethiopia

Présentation

Page publiée le 7 janvier 2017, mise à jour le 12 octobre 2018