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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Allemagne → 2003 → Sedimentology and reservoir geology of the middle upper cretaceous strata in unity and heglig fields in SE Muglad Rift Basin, Sudan

Technischen Universität Bergakademie Freiberg (2003)

Sedimentology and reservoir geology of the middle upper cretaceous strata in unity and heglig fields in SE Muglad Rift Basin, Sudan

Sayed, Ali Mohammed Ibrahim

Titre : Sedimentology and reservoir geology of the middle upper cretaceous strata in unity and heglig fields in SE Muglad Rift Basin, Sudan

Auteur : Sayed, Ali Mohammed Ibrahim

Université de soutenance : Technischen Universität Bergakademie Freiberg

Grade : Doctor rerum naturalium (Dr.rer.nat.) 2003

Résumé
This study investigates the depositional environment, source area, sandstone composition, diagenetic properties, reservoir quality and palaeogeography of the Middle–Upper Cretaceous strata at the Unity and Heglig Fields in the SE Muglad Rift Basin, Sudan. In this study, the subsurface Cretaceous sediments were investigated essentially by seven sedimentological techniques. These included subsurface facies analysis, which was based on 1500 cutting samples and seven conventional cores description as well as on wire line logs and three seismic section analyses, petrographic analyses that included heavy mineral analysis, thin sections and scanning electron microscopic investigations, clay mineral as well as geochemical analyses. The facies description and the analysis of conventional cores from the Bentiu, Aradeiba, and Zarga Formations in the Unity and Heglig Field revealed the presence of nine major lithofacies types, all of them are siliciclastic sediments. They can be interpreted as deposits of fluvial, deltaic and lacustrine environments. Moreover, based on wire line logs, cores and cutting sample descriptions and analyses and also on seismic section analyses, the Middle–Upper Cretaceous strata in Unity and Heglig Fields can be classified into three different units of first-order sequences, i.e. fluvial-dominated unit, lacustrine-dominated unit and deltaic-dominated unit. These depositional units most probably testify to environmental change in response to main tectonic pulses during the Turonian – Late Senonian second rifting phase. The seismic analysis revealed that the maximum thickness of the Cretaceous sediments in the study area reaches about 6000 m in the NW part of the Heglig Field. Moreover, the seismic interpretation has revealed three seismic facies reflection patterns : parallel and subparallel reflection patterns (uniform rates of deposition), divergent reflection pattern (differential subsidence rates) and hummocky clinoform pattern (clinoform lobes of delta). The thin section investigations of the core samples revealed that feldspar accounts for 13.5 – 22 %, that of the quartz and the lithic fragments are ranging between 75.7 – 85.2 % and 0.0 7.3 % respectively. Consequently, the sandstones of the study area are classified as subarkoses. Moreover, the modal analysis of the sandstones revealed, that they stem generally from a continental provenance, transitional between the stable interior of a craton and a basement uplift, which is a basement area of relatively high relief along rifts. This allows the detrital components to be recycled and transported for rather long distances and to be deposited in extensional and pull-apart basins

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Page publiée le 24 mars 2008, mise à jour le 13 mai 2019