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UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2011)

Public participation in EIA of irrigation water use : a case of the Central Rift Valley lakes basin in Ethiopia

Debelie, H.D.

Titre : Public participation in EIA of irrigation water use : a case of the Central Rift Valley lakes basin in Ethiopia

Auteur : Debelie, H.D.

Etablissement de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2011

Résumé
Environmental impact assessment (EIA) in Ethiopia is considered as one of the environmental management tools since legally introduced in 2002, and the procedures followed are well constructed. However, public participation at key EIA process in Ethiopia still remains weak ; resulting in an adverse effect on sustainability of development projects. This study is designed to recommend on improvement of public participation in EIA of irrigation schemes in Ethiopia based on a case study of Central Rift Valley irrigation schemes with special focus to Castel Winery, Sher Ethiopia, Sambo Alaltu and Sambo Ganat Water User Associations. Review of relevant literatures and documents, interview of the local inhabitants, major stakeholders and focus group discussion are used to assess opinions and perceptions of public participation in EIA. Public participation and stakeholder consultation were assessed based on EIA review packages and public participation best practice. Additionally, documents like surveillance monitoring, evaluation and assessment reports are revised. Finally, field observations were undertaken to assess mitigation measures to reverse adverse impact of Sher Ethiopia, Castel Winery, Sambo Ganat and Sambo Alaltu irrigation projects. The result revealed there is a weak integration between and within environmental protection offices and environmental units. The regulatory body has limited power and resources to enforce non-complaints with environmental laws and regulations. This created a good opportunity for developers to secure permits bypassing EIA and avoiding some key stakeholders and government regulations. Hence, there are no preconditions set prior to issuing permit in compliance with environmental laws and regulations. Implementation of public participation and mitigation actions are poor ; initiation and commitments of developers and government bodies to enhance public participation is satisfactory to below average. On top of this, water abstraction, farming on the shore of rivers and lakes, year round sand winning from water bodies has exacerbated water scarcity and sedimentation of lakes and conflict between upstream and downstream inhabitants of Bulbula and Meki Rivers. Therefore, reinforcing regulatory bodies, strengthening integration between environmental authorities, environmental units and other line sectors and enhancing public participation ; revision and updating public participation guideline in EIA based on national policies and international best practices ; capacity building (trainings, awareness creation, skilled and sufficient man power, budget and material allocation) are some of key issues considered to reduce EIA bypass and avoidance of government regulations by developers in permit procedures.

Sujets  : public participation ; EIA ; irrigation water ; irrigation schemes ; case studies ; Ethiopia

Présentation

Page publiée le 8 janvier 2017, mise à jour le 13 octobre 2018