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Wageningen Universiteit (2007)

Conservation scenarios for olive farming on sloping land in de Mediterranean

Fleskens, L.

Titre : Conservation scenarios for olive farming on sloping land in de Mediterranean

Auteur : Fleskens, L.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen Universiteit

Grade : PhD thesis 2007

Résumé
The future of olive farming on sloping land in the Mediterranean is uncertain. Sloping and Mountainous Olive Production Systems (SMOPS) that have been sustainable for ages have in a relatively short time frame witnessed major changes. Although remnants of many of these traditional landscapes still exist today, the general trend is different. Demographic changes of the rural population, integration in the market economy with its competitive character, and technological innovation have drastically changed both the local economy, its agricultural production systems and – as a consequence – its environment.
As a result of differential developments, there is now a stratification of SMOPS. While some production systems can continue to compete on global markets, other mostly traditional olive groves will need to rely on other than productive functions only. Of an increasing number of functions, the importance is recognised by stakeholder groups at various levels or by society as a whole. This awareness also extends to those systems that continue to be economical, but which need special attention to conserve functions that could get lost in the process of intensification.
The present research project searches to develop an integrated methodology addressing these problems and to assess its performance for different scenarios of SMOPS. It addresses the following objectives : * 1. Making an inventory of SMOPS and their natural resource conservation issues ; * 2. Developing a function assessment methodology and analyzing the various functions of SMOPS ; * 3. Taking soil conservation as an example function, exploring the importance of soil erosion in SMOPS and assess how it can be controlled ; * 4. Developing scenarios based on a set of core functions identified by stakeholders ; * 5. Optimizing environmental and social performance of SMOPS in conservation scenarios

Mots clés : olea europaea / olives / production / sloping land / mediterranean region / conservation / erosion / sustainability / agroecosystems

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Page publiée le 27 mars 2008, mise à jour le 31 décembre 2017