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Wageningen Universiteit (2006)

Moving people - towards collective action in soil and water conservation : experiences from the Bolivian mountain valleys

Kessler, A.

Titre : Moving people - towards collective action in soil and water conservation : experiences from the Bolivian mountain valleys

Auteur : Kessler, A.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen Universiteit

Grade : PhD thesis 2006

Résumé
Land degradation in the Bolivian mountain valleys has increased in the past decades, and many cropland fields have been abandoned. Although farmers are concerned and urgent actions are required, no serious widespread actions are undertaken. Several SWC practices - mostly based on local knowledge - are available to control runoff and improve soil management. The challenge is how to motivate farmers to adopt these practices on a wide scale. Facing this challenge, the JGRC project validated a strategy for executing SWC practices within a holistic framework of rural development. In the first phase of this ’logical strategy’, the objective was to lay a solid foundation for sustainable development : to motivate farmers (improve their future prospects) and achieve their genuine participation. Based on this foundation, in the secondphaseSWC and development activities were executed. Participation rates in SWC contests and in maintenance of practices were higher in villages where a solid foundation existed. Nevertheless, two years after project withdrawal, many farmers had lost motivation to continue with SWC. The main reason : the lack of a catalyst to keep the process going. Active involvement of municipalities in rural development is therefore indispensable ; they must provide follow-up activities. This requires well-trained and motivated actors in municipalities. Moreover, micro-meso-macro linkages must work efficiently, with local experiences that feed sector-wide approaches for scaling-up SWC activities, and adequate strategies that support and motivate farmers to invest in sustainable land management. Moving people - at all levels - towards collective action in SWC ; only then land degradation in the Bolivian mountain valleys can be reversed

Mots clés : soil conservation / water conservation / land degradation / local population / farmers / farmers’ attitudes / community action / bolivia

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Page publiée le 27 mars 2008, mise à jour le 1er janvier 2018