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Technische Universiteit Eindhoven (2006)

Toward applicable green architecture:an approach to colonize the desert in Egypt


Titre : Toward applicable green architecture:an approach to colonize the desert in Egypt

Auteur : EL FEKY Usama Mohamed Ahmed

Université de soutenance : Technische Universiteit Eindhoven

Grade : Doctor 2006

Green architecture becomes a significant part of the path to a sustainable future. A green building serves the needs of the people who inhabit it. It supports and nurtures their health, satisfaction, productivity, and spirit. It requires the careful application of the acknowledged strategies of sustainable architecture - non-toxic construction ; the use of durable, natural resource efficient materials ; reliance on the sun for day lighting ; thermal and electric power ; and recycling of wastes into nutrients. Although many of the environmental problems exist because of the inefficient use of natural resources by industrial and developed countries ; developing countries have their share in the issue. Moreover, the developing countries have to benefit from the experience of the developed countries. Indeed, the protection of our planet is easier for those countries under developed than those countries which are already developed. Much is known about the principles of green architecture, but the choice of other priorities or values other than environment and climate in building construction affects the degree of adaptation of the architecture to climatic comfort and environmental sensitivity. This research explores methods and techniques, which ensure the broad application of green architecture principles in new urban settlements, generally in hot arid zones and particularly in the vast Egyptian desert. This research focuses on the identification and incorporation of cultural aspects of current and past green building practices in Egypt with the green architecture experience worldwide. Furthermore, how this could help in applying the green architecture in Egypt. The Toshka region in the southwest desert of Egypt has been chosen as a case study of the research. It has been chosen, because it is an area that needs development and where people from different regions in Egypt are to be relocated. The architectural discipline and discourse, which this study is heavily indebted to, are social and cultural studies as well as the green architecture design strategies. The intention of this study is not to pretend completeness on the issues being raised, nor to present new insights into complex development, technological, and socio-economic issues. The intention rather is, to raise the awareness, among local communities, authorities, and professionals (architects and urban designer, etc), to the utmost importance of the building culture for the adoption of the green architecture in any society. In addition, the study displays the vast potential of non-professional people to provide their knowledge in order to conceptualize, to visualize, and finally, to realize the green architecture in the Toshka region and Egypt. The study has been carried out with support of the Menoufiya University in Egypt. They hope to gain a better insight into the unique field of green architecture and environmental study from my experiences. This will probably be accomplished through a teaching position upon completion of the program in the Netherlands


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