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2006

Coping with Drought and Climate Change

Ethiopia

Titre : Coping with Drought and Climate Change

Pays  : Ethiopia

Organisme de financement  : UNDP - United Nations Development Programme

Approuvé le : November 27, 2006

Finalité et objectifs
To develop and pilot a range of coping mechanisms for reducing the vulnerability of farmers and pastoralists to future climate shocks.

Résumé
1. As already observed in recurrent droughts (ie climate variability), climate change impacts on Ethiopia in terms of water shortage and food security. The country remains prone to drought as well as climate-driven health impacts. Climate change vulnerability analyses for Ethiopia suggests that climate change over the coming decades presents a serious threat to various economic and social sectors as the frequency and intensity of drought is likely to increase. Addressing long-term climate change is thus required to reduce the impacts on livelihoods in general and major economic sectors such as agriculture, which is the mainstay of the country.

2. The projected increasing temperature and declining rainfall scenario for the northern half of Ethiopia, which includes the pilot district (Kalu Woreda/District, in the South Wollo Zone) will negatively affect agricultural production, deteriorate infrastructure and worsen the livelihoods of the rural poor in the pilot areas. Predicted climate variability and change will exert additional pressures on the already weakened subsistence economy of the pilot areas.

3. This project will assist Ethiopia to adapt to the long-term adverse effects of climate change. The strategy adopted in this project builds on the development baseline, and includes additional activities to increase adaptive capacity to cope with drought under changing climatic conditions.

4. The project addresses the future impacts of long-term climate change, increasing the adaptive capacity of local and national stakeholders to cope with increased frequency and intensity of drought, which the INC has identified as a major consequence of climate change. This means that project stakeholders need to build their capacity to adapt to changing climatic conditions. The project strategy presented here builds capacity to continually review the sustainability of land management systems and adapt them as the impacts of climate change alter the underlying drivers of productivity.

5. The project will contribute to the Goal of enhancing food security and the capacity to adapt to climate change in agricultural and pastoral systems in Ethiopia. In order to support progress towards this Goal, the project Objective is : To develop and pilot a range of coping mechanisms for reducing the vulnerability of farmers and pastoralists to future climate shocks. The Objective will be achieved through activities generating four Outcomes : (1) Farmers/pastoralists in the selected pilot sites are able to cope with drought ; (2) Early warning systems provide timely and relevant information to farmers/pastoralists to assist them in coping with drought ; (3) Drought preparedness and mitigation policies support farmers/ pastoralists in coping with drought ; (4) Farmers/pastoralists inside and outside the pilot sites deploy and replicate successful approaches to cope with drought.

Informations financières
GEF Grant : 995,000 US$
Cofin Amount : 1,866,667 US$
Project Cost : 2,861,667 US$

GEF (Global Environment Facility)

Page publiée le 17 avril 2008, mise à jour le 21 juillet 2019