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2015

ASSESSMENT OF DROUGHT RESILIENCE FRAMEWORKS IN THE HORN OF AFRICA

Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP)

Integrated Drought Management Programme
Programme de gestion intégrée des sécheresses

Titre : ASSESSMENT OF DROUGHT RESILIENCE FRAMEWORKS IN THE HORN OF AFRICA

Auteurs : Overall Coordination was provided by Gerald Kairu, GWPEA Integrated Drought Management Programme in the Horn of Africa.

Editeurs  : Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP)
Date de parution : 2015
Pages : 32

Résumé
The Horn of Africa region stretches over an area of 5.2 million km2 and has a population of about 200 million people. The region comprises of eight countries including Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda. About 70% of the region’s land area is Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) which receive less than 600 mm of annual rainfall. The Horn of Africa (HOA) is characterized by drought, which is by far the most extensive and potentially damaging natural disaster in the region. Previous efforts aimed at managing drought in the HOA region mainly focused on emergency/crisis response rather than its integrated management, which involves preparedness, drought mitigation and early warning. Global Water Partnership Eastern Africa (GWPEA), through the Integrated Drought Management Program in the Horn of Africa (IDMP HOA), facilitated country drought resilience assessments in the region. The assessments covered socio-economic, environmental and policy issues ; challenges, initiatives and available opportunities to enhance drought resilience.
The assessments identified the following opportunities for promoting drought resilience in the HOA region : 1) Existence of IGAD to establish regional and international mechanisms for cooperation to address cross-border drought issues ; 2) The IDDRSI framework which supports drought resilience and sustainable development with political support and commitment at regional and national level ; 3) Availability of relevant national policies, plans and strategies ; 4) Existence of national implementing and coordination structures ; 5) Accumulated experiences in implementing related programs, projects and initiatives ; and 6) Observed interest of donors to support national and regional initiatives to enhance drought resilience. The priority intervention areas for consideration by the IDMP HOA in support of building drought resilience in the HOA Region include : 1) Demonstrating small-scale innovative drought management cases based on the IWRM approach ; 2) Capacity development of institutions and key actors in drought management and resilience building ; 3) Promoting partnership for Integrated Drought Management ; 4) Facilitating regional cooperation/collaboration for drought management in the HOA region ; 5) Facilitating policy development for integrated drought management ; 6) Mainstreaming drought mitigation and adaptation strategies in relevant government sector ministries and agencies ; 7) Strengthening Early Warning Systems. The country assessments clearly showed that countries are at different stages of establishing national frameworks and developing relevant policies in building drought resilience. The response by the IDMP HOA needs, therefore, to consider the specific priorities and existing national frameworks while implementing its planned activities.

Version intégrale (IMDP)

Page publiée le 1er avril 2017