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2014

Determining the Potential for Carbon Capture and Storage (Pakistan)

Pakistan

Titre : Determining the Potential for Carbon Capture and Storage (Pakistan)

Pays : Pakistan

Code projet : 47277-001

Secteur : Energy - Energy efficiency and conservation - Energy sector development and institutional reform Industry and trade - Industry and trade sector development

Date approbation : 14 May 2014

Contexte
Over the last 20 years, carbon emissions in Pakistan grew by 105% from 152.79 million tons in 1990 to 313.48 million tons in 2010. The significant increase in greenhouse gases (GHGs), particularly carbon dioxide (CO2) is mainly attributed to the burning of fossil fuels like coal and oil for electricity, transport and those in manufacturing industries. This includes industries producing fertilizers (ammonia), cement, alternative fuels (methane & ethanol) and iron & steel (>45% of CO2 emissions came from industrial sector). Likewise, the clearing of land for agriculture, industry and other human activities have also upped GHG concentrations. GHG emission will be further increased with the anticipated shift to coal generation in the near future to decrease the existing power shortfall. Meeting the country’s energy needs and the quest for economic growth presents a huge challenge to reduce the country’s GHG levels. Pakistan will therefore need a portfolio of low-carbon technologies to reduce GHGs in the shortest possible time to avoid the more serious effects of climate change. Renewable energies (REs) will clearly play a critical role in moving the country to a low carbon future but the challenge of reducing emissions and simultaneously increasing energy source is daunting. REs contribution in the energy mix remains low that even with a rapid increase in its use is unlikely to meet energy demand and reduce GHG. With coal becoming a dominant source of energy across all sectors, CCS will be a critical technology for meeting the country’s goal of reducing GHG. The new national Climate Change Policy underscores this need to develop low carbon technologies, specifically CCS for energy and other sectors like agriculture, transport and industries

Description
The proposed TA will support Pakistan in the implementation of its national climate change policy, particularly in mitigating climate change through development of GHG reduction technologies. The TA will explore the potential of CCS by developing demonstration roadmaps, engaging in dialogues with public and private sectors, and drafting relevant policy statements. The TA will specifically look into CO2 emitting sectors such as energy, agriculture, transport and industrial processes for the purpose of determining best type of demonstration roadmaps

Financement : TA 8648-PAK : Determining the Potential for Carbon Capture and Storage Carbon Capture and Storage Fund under the Clean Energy Financing Partnership Facility US$ 1.00 million

Asian Development Bank

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