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Decentralized Wastewater Management : WASH in Schools in Host Communities (Jordan)


Titre : Decentralized Wastewater Management : WASH in Schools in Host Communities (Jordan)

Pays : Jordan

Durée : 2015 to 2017

Commissioned by : German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Special Initiative "Tackling the root causes of displacement – reintegrating refugees"

Since the outbreak of civil war in 2011, around 4.8 million people have fled Syria, mostly to the neighbouring countries of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. Jordan had officially registered more than 655,000 Syrian refugees by mid-2016, though the government believes that as many as 1.4 million refugees may now be living in the country. More than 140,000 of them are children attending Jordanian schools. Many schools were already overcrowded before the Syrian children arrived. Now, with rising numbers attending schools, host communities face growing challenges, with administrative structures overstretched and teachers overwhelmed. A double shift system has already been introduced at 98 schools. Making matters worse, the schools’ infrastructure was not designed to cope with rapidly rising student numbers. Water and sanitation systems, which require intensive maintenance, pose particular problems. Any failure of sanitation and hygiene management in this already water-poor country can have a devastating impact, with dirty and dilapidated toilets and washing facilities adversely affecting schoolchildren’s health in particular. Some schools are not connected to the mains water supply and sewerage system. Instead, they dispose of their wastewater in cesspits. The wastewater then seeps into groundwater, posing a risk to public health.

On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), an infrastructure project is helping double-shift schools to tackle their sanitation and hygiene problems. Together with its Jordanian partners, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH developed low-maintenance solutions that will improve sanitation and hygiene management in schools and place it on a sustainable footing. New toilet and washing facilities are being built, initially at 10 pilot schools, which make efficient use of water and are designed to cater for larger student numbers. The toilet blocks have been designed in line with World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, with separate facilities for boys and girls and access for students with disabilities. Staff and students are taught how to use and maintain the facilities. Cleaning staff are trained in hygiene and workplace health and safety. The project is also installing small-scale on-site wastewater treatment systems and rainwater tanks at the schools. The water collected is treated and then used by the Jordanian and Syrian children to irrigate the school gardens. These joint activities encourage friendships among children who would otherwise have little contact because of the double-shift system. The children can also take part in after-school activities, such as sports and art clubs, and learn more about water and the environment. These activities encourage interaction among student groups and help to integrate refugee families into the community, thus preventing conflict.

Objectif : The sanitation and hygiene management is being improved in overcrowded schools in host communities

Partenaire du projet : Jordanian Ministry of Water and Irrigation

Présentation : GIZ

Page publiée le 18 juin 2017